The A to Z of Jainism
Jain is the term used for a person who has faith in the teachings of the Jinas ('Spiritual Victors'). Jinas are human beings who have overcome all passions (kasayas) and have attained enlightenment or omniscience (kevala-jnana), who teach the truths they realized to others, and who attain liberation (moksa) from the cycle of rebirth (samsara). At the core of these teachings is nonviolence (ahimsa), which has remained the guiding principle of Jain ethics and practices to this day. In comparison with other religious traditions of South Asia, Jains are few in number, comprising less than one percent of India's population. The lay and mendicant communities of the Jain, however, have maintained an unbroken presence in India for more than 2,500 years and have influenced its culture throughout this time. The A to Z of Jainism covers the history of Jainism that spans a period of more than 2,500 years. The history, values, concepts, and scriptures; eminent mendicant, lay leaders, and scholars; and places, institutions, social, and cultural factors are covered in over 450 dictionary entries. This comprehensive reference work also includes an introductory essay, explanation of the Jain scriptures, chronology, appendixes, and bibliography. This book provides an excellent introduction and overview to Jainism for scholars, students, and general readers.
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The Jain Festival Calendar
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20th century 5th century According Agamas ahimsa Anga associated attained liberation moksa attained omniscience Bahubali Banaras Bhadrabahu bhattarakas born called canon century C.E. commentaries death deities Delhi devas Digambara Digambara community Digambara mendicant Digambara monk diksa disciples established fasting ﬁrst ﬁve ganadharas Gujarat gunasthana inﬂuence initiated Jain Jain community Jain mendicants Jain scriptures Jain texts Jaina Jainism Jaipur Jinas jiva karma karmic kevalin Kharatara Gaccha Kundakunda lay vows laypeople layperson living Mahavira mantras manuscripts meditation mendicant community mendicant conduct mendicant leader acarya mendicant lineage moksa Muni Murtipujaka named nudity nuns one’s Pandit Panth Parsvanatha performed Prakrit pratikramana pratima PUJA Rajasthan religious renounced the household renunciation rites ritual Rsabha sacred Sadhvi sallekhana samvegi sadhus Sangha Sanskrit scholars sectarian tradition siddhas soul jiva south India spiritual Sthanakavasi Svetambara Svetambara and Digambara Svetambara mendicant Svetambara Terapanthi Syadvada Tapa Tapa Gaccha teachings Terapanthi Tirthankara Tirthar'ikara University worship yaksi yatis