Religion in Archaic and Republican Rome and Italy: Evidence and Experience
As Rome extended its influence throughout Italy, gradually incorporating its various peoples in a process of Romanization and conquest, its religion was extensively influenced by the cults of religious practices of its new subjects and citizens. It was a period of intense religious ferment and creativity. Roman religion, controlled and determined by religious and political functionaries who mediated between humans, had centred on a select pantheon of gods with Jupiter at its head. It was a religion in the process of becoming the servant of the state, however genuine its priests and votaries might be. Understanding the dynamics of religious change is fundamental to understanding the changing culture and politics of Rome during the last five centuries B.C.Religion in Archaic and Republic Romeand Italy tells that story.
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activity Aesculapius altar ancient antefixes anthropologists Apollo archaeological archaic architectural terracottas argued Augustus Beard belief Bendlin Boels-Janssen Bouma Bourque building Capitoline Cazanove celebration chapter city-state civic religion Coarelli Colonna Concordia constructed context Corpus Christi cult cultural decemuiri decoration dedicated deities discussion divine elements Etruria Etruscan Etruscan sanctuaries Etruscan temple evidence ex-votos example festival Fortuna Forum fourth century goddess gods Greek Hartung haruspices Hercules important Indians individual inscription interpretation Italy Izzet Juno late republican Latin colonies Latium literary Livy ludi Ludi Saeculares Mater Matuta material Matralia meaning mestizos Omobono Ovid participants patricians period plaques plebeian political Portonaccio priests procession prophecy prophetic Pyrgi Quirinal religious republic ritual ritualised Roman religion Rome sacra sacred Satricum Scheid sculptures senate Servius shrine sixth century social Social War Spivey statues structure Sucre suggest Tarquinia Torelli tradition Verginia volume votive deposit Wiseman Wissowa worship