Daniel Webster and the Oratory of Civil Religion

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University of Missouri Press, 2005 - Biography & Autobiography - 300 pages
Annotation

Daniel Webster (1782–1852) embodied the golden age of oratory in America by mastering each of the major genres of public speaking of the time. Even today, many of his victories before the Supreme Court remain as precedents. Webster served in the House, the Senate, and twice as secretary of state. He was so famous as a political orator that his reply “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!” to Senator Robert Hayne in a debate in 1830 was memorized by schoolboys and was on the lips of Northern soldiers as they charged forward in the Civil War. There would have been no 1850 Compromise without Webster, and without the Compromise, the Civil War might well have come earlier to an unprepared North. Webster was also the consummate ceremonial speaker. He advanced Whig virtues and solidified support for the Union through civil religion, creating a transcendent symbol for the nation that became a metaphor for the working constitutional framework.While several biographies have been written about Webster, none has focused on his oratorical talent. This study examines Webster’s incredible career from the perspective of his great speeches and how they created a civil religion that moved citizens beyond loyalty and civic virtue to true romantic patriotism. Craig R. Smith places Webster’s speeches in their historical context and then uses the tools of rhetorical criticism to analyze them. He demonstrates that Webster understood not only how rhetorical genres function to meet the expectations of the moment but also how they could be braided to produce long-lasting and literate discourse.
 

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Contents

The Foundation of Websters Civil Religion
13
A Boston Lawyer
45
The Lion Returns
70
Civic Duty in the Romantic Age
90
Liberty and Union
106
Legal and Partisan Wrangling
126
Abolition Confounds the TwoParty System
161
Secretary Webster
181
National Crisis Capitol Gridlock
220
Consummating Compromise
244
Twilight Time
258
Chronology of Major Speeches
277
Bibliographic Essay
279
Bibliography
291
Index
299
Copyright

War with Mexico
197

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