Impulsivity: How Time and Risk Influence Decision Making

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Jeffrey R. Stevens
Springer, Apr 9, 2017 - Psychology - 277 pages
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As the 64th volume in the prestigious Nebraska Series on Motivation, this book focuses on impulsivity, a multi-faceted concept that encompasses such phenomena as the inability to wait, a tendency to act without forethought, insensitivity to consequences, and/or an inability to inhibit inappropriate behaviors.  Due to this multi-faceted nature, it plays a critical role in a number of key behavioral problems, including pathological gambling, overeating, addiction, adolescent risk-taking, spread of sexually transmitted diseases, criminal behavior, financial decision making, and environmental attitudes. This broad and interdisciplinary scope has historically resulted in separate subfields studying impulsivity in relative isolation from one another. Therefore, a central achievement of this volume is to convey an integrative exploration of impulsivity.

To provide a comprehensive and cohesive understanding of impulsivity, this volume brings together eminent scholars and rising researchers from different domains (developmental psychology, neuroscience, animal cognition, anthropology, addiction science), who use different techniques (behavioral assays, imaging, endocrinology, genetics). Moreover, it includes perspectives and analyses from the two primary types of impulsivity: impulsive choice (or decision making) and impulsive action (or disinhibition). The authors present expert analyses of topics such as delayed gratification, discounting models, and adaptive foraging decisions. Leveraging breadth of coverage and renowned scholarship, Impulsivity: How Time and Risk Influence Decision Making advances our understanding of this complex topic and sheds light on novel research directions and potential future collaborations.

 

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Contents

1 The Many Faces of Impulsivity
1
Explorations of How and Why Children Wait and Its Linkages to Outcomes Over the Life Course
7
On the Challenges and Possibilities of Field Experiments with Examples from Rural Southwestern Madagascar
61
Integrating Cognition and Motivation
115
Extending Discounting Models Beyond Delay
145
Cortical Circuits for Adaptive Foraging Decisions
163
Brain Mechanisms and Neuropsychiatric Implications
201
Interventions for Reinforcer Pathology in Health Behavior
227
Index
268
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About the author (2017)

Dr. Stevens is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at The University of Nebraska, Lincoln. He received his Ph.D. in Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior at the University of Minnesota in 2002. He then received a Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award to complete a post-doctoral fellowship in the Psychology Department at Harvard University. From 2006-2011, he was a research scientist in the Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, Germany. In addition to being a faculty member in the Department of Psychology, he is also a core faculty member of the Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior. Dr. Stevens' research integrates cognitive and evolutionary perspectives to study decision making in humans and other animals. He uses theoretical, experimental, and comparative methods to model and empirically investigate the cognitive processes organisms use when making decisions. He is currently editor-in-chief of Frontiers in Comparative Psychology.

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