Confucian Discourse and Chu Hsi's Ascendancy
A major transformation in thought took place during the Southern Sung (1127-1279). A new version of Confucian teaching, Tao-hsueh Confucianism (what modern scholars sometimes refer to as Neo-Confucianism), became state orthodoxy, a privileged status which it retained until the twentieth century.
Existing studies of the new Confucianism generally depict a single line of development to and from Chu Hsi (1130-1200), the greatest theoretician of the tradition. In this study of unprecedented scope, however, Hoyt Cleveland Tillman offers an integrated intellectual history of the development of Tao-hsueh Confucianism which for the first time places Chu Hsi within the context of his contemporaries. Tillman's methodological strategy allows a rich, complex picture of the Tao-hsueh movement to emerge - one that is sure to transform the field of Sung Confucianism.
To reconstruct the evolution of the Tao-hsueh group, Tillman studies a number of Confucians from four distinct periods, reflecting the basic diversity that existed among them. His discussion is deeply grounded in political and philosophical history and in research on the social networks that joined the members of the Tao-hsueh group. Within this framework, he provides a vivid account of the changing scope of the movement, tracing its development into a "fellowship" and at times a political faction and demonstrating its movement from diversity to gradually increasing exclusiveness, particularly under the influence of Chu Hsi. Close attention is given to confrontational writings and debates within the group, which covered such issues as humaneness, the function of the mind, uses of the Book of Changes, social welfare programs, teaching methods, expediency, and the grounds for knowledge and authority.
A superbly erudite work, Confucian Discourse and Chu Hsi's Ascendancy is an invaluable contribution to the study of the history of Confucian thought in China.
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THE FIRST PERIOD 11271162
PART2 THESECONDPERIOD 11631181
Chu Hsi and Chang Shih
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academy Analects Book of Changes Buddhist century Ch'an Ch'en Liang Ch'eng brothers Ch'eng Hao Ch'in Kuei Chang Chiu-ch'eng Chang Shih Chang Tsai Che-tung Chekiang Chen Chin-hua chin-shih China Chou Tun-i Chou's Chu Hsi Chu-tzu Chu's Chung-hua classics commentaries concept Confucius CTWC CTYL cultivation cultural disciples discussion dynasty emperor essay essence ethical examinations fellowship friends Fukien granary Heaven and Earth Heaven's principle Hsi's Hsiao-tsung hsiieh Hsin t'an-so Hu Hung Hu's Huang human nature Hunan inner nature intellectual Jurchen LCYC learning letter Lii Tsu-ch'ien Lii's literati LTLWC Lu Chiu-yiian Lu's Mencius mind of Heaven Mou Tsung-san Neo-Confucian numbers officials one's orthodoxy person philosophy political reading rulers sages Schirokauer self-cultivation Shao Yung Shih's shuo SMLHS Southern Sung Supreme Ultimate SYHA T'ang Tao-hsiieh Confucians Taoist teachings things Tillman tion tradition translation adapted transmission Tung-lai Ultimate of Non-being utilitarian virtue Wang Wing-tsit Chan writings