Timbuktu and the Songhay Empire: Al-Saʿdi's Taʾrīkh Al-Sūdān Down to 1613, and Other Contemporary Documents

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John O. Hunwick
BRILL, Jan 1, 2003 - Social Science - 480 pages
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The principal text translated in this volume is the "Ta'r?kh Al-s?d?n" of the seventeenth-century Timbuktu scholar 'Abd al-Ra?m?n al-Sa'd?. Thirty chapters are included, dealing with the history of Timbuktu and Jenne, their scholars, and the political history of the Songhay empire from the reign of Sunni 'Al? (1464-1492) through Moroccan conquest of Songhay in 1591 and down to the year 1613 when the Pashalik of Timbuktu became an autonomous ruling institution in the Middle Niger region. The year 1613 also marked the effective end of Songhay resistance. The other contemporary documents included are a new English translation of Leo Africanus's description of West Africa, some letters relating to Sa'd?an diplomacy and conquests in the Sahara and Sahel, al-Ifr?n?'s account of Sa'd?an conquest of Songhay, and an account of this expedition by an anonymous Spaniard. This publication has also been published in hardback, please click here for details.
 

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Contents

Abbreviations xjjj Preface
xv
Dates References and Conventions
xx
an Interpretive Essay
xxii
TARlKH ALSODAN
lxiii
Introduction
1
The Zuwa Dynasty
3
The Sunni Dynasty
7
Sultan Kankan Musa and Malian Rule over the
9
The Reign of Askiya Dawud
144
The Reign of Askiya alHajj
160
The Reign of Askiya Muhammad Bani
168
The Reign of Askiya Ishaq II
172
1 The
186
2 Songhay
200
Rulers of Jenne during the Arma Administration
213
Pasha Jawdars Recall Jenne under Attack
233

Mali and its Provinces
13
Jenne and its History
17
Scholars and Holymen of Jenne
23
The History of Timbuktu
29
The Tuareg
35
Scholars and Holymen of Timbuktu
38
Scholars and Holymen of Timbuktu Ctd 5 2
57
The Imams of the Great Mosque and the Sankore
81
The Reign of Sunni cAIl
91
The Reign of Askiya alhajj Muhammad
102
The Reigns of Askiya Musa and Muhammad
118
The Reign of Askiya Ismacll
132
The Reign of Askiya Ishaq I
137
The Administrations of Pasha Sulayman and
244
The Sacdian Dynasty and its Decline
258
Other Contemporary Documents
271
Letters Relating to Sacdian Diplomacy and Conquests in
292
AlIfranls Account of the Sacdian Conquest of Songhay
309
An Account of the Sacdian Conquest of Songhay by an
318
Appendices
331
Offices and OfficeHolders under the Askiyas
338
Colophon to Askiya Muhammad Banis copy of the
351
The Askiyas
364
Index
391
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About the author (2003)

John Hunwick is Professor of History and Religions, and Director of the Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa at Northwestern University

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