Language Universals and Linguistic Typology: Syntax and Morphology
Since its first publication, Language Universals and Linguistic Typology has become established as the leading introductory account of one of the most productive areas of linguistics—the analysis, comparison, and classification of the common features and forms of the organization of languages. Adopting an approach to the subject pioneered by Greenberg and others, Bernard Comrie is particularly concerned with syntactico-semantic universals, devoting chapters to word order, case making, relative clauses, and causative constructions. His book is informed throughout by the conviction that an exemplary account of universal properties of human language cannot restrict itself to purely formal aspects, nor focus on analysis of a single language. Rather, it must also consider language use, relate formal properties to testable claims about cognition and cognitive development, and treat data from a wide range of languages. This second edition has been revised and updated to take full account of new research in universals and typology in the past decade, and more generally to consider how the approach advocated here relates to recent advances in generative grammatical theory.
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TYPOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL
CONCLUSIONS AND PROSPECTS
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absolute universal accusative adjective adpositions affixes agent animacy Balkan sprachbund basic word order causative constructions causee chapter Chukchi clitic colour terms Comrie correlation cross-linguistically dative definition direct object discussion distinction Dyirbal encoding English ergative ergative-absolutive examples explanation focus formal genetic genitive given grammatical relations Greenberg's Hasan head noun human language illustrated implicational universal indirect individual languages instance intransitive John language universals lexical linguistic logically independent main clause morphemes morphological typology nominative nominative-accusative noun phrase number of languages OV language particular passive person reflexives plural position postpositions pragmatic roles predicate preposition problem pronouns Proto-Indo-European range of languages reference relational grammar relativize relevant restricted Russian second person semantic roles sentence singular structure subject properties suffix syntactic syntax Tanya third person tion topic transitive verb Turkish typological parameters universals and typology verb agreement vowels wide range woman word order word order typology Yidiny
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On the Nature of the Syntax-phonology Interface: Cliticization and Related ...
No preview available - 2001