American Medical Botany: Being a Collection of the Native Medicinal Plants of the United States, Containing Their Botanical History and Chemical Analysis, and Properties and Uses in Medicine, Diet and the Arts, with Coloured Engravings ...

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Cummings and Hilliard; [Cambridge] University Press, Hilliard and Metcalf, 1820 - Botany - 120 pages
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Page 26 - ... succeeded by blisters, suppuration, aggravated swelling, heat, pain, and fever; when the disease is at its height, the skin becomes covered with a crust, and the swelling is so great as, in many instances, to close the eyes and almost obliterate the features; the symptoms begin in a few hours after exposure, and are commonly at the height on the fourth or fifth day, after which desquamation begins to take place, and the distress in most instances to diminish. Sometimes the eruption is less general,...
Page 21 - Leafets ovate or rhomboidal, acute, smooth and shining on both sides, the veins sometimes a little hairy beneath. The margin is sometimes entire and sometimes variously toothed and lobed, in the same plant. The flowers are small and greenish white. They grow in panicles or compound racemes on the sides of the new shoots, and are chiefly axillary. The barren flowers have a ealyx of five erect, acute segments, and a corolla of five oblong recurved petals.
Page 23 - R. radicans are natives of the United States, and are not distinct species, but only varieties of the same plant. "I have frequently observed," says Dr. Bigelow, " individual shoots from the same stock having the characters of both varieties. I have also observed that young plants of R. radicans frequently do not put out rooting fibres until they are several years old, and that they seem in this respect to be considerably influenced by the contiguity of supporting objects.
Page 22 - Among the plants which grow abundantly around Boston, I have frequently observed individual shoots from the same stock having the characters of both varieties. I have also observed that young plants of...
Page 22 - ... petals. Stamens erect with oblong anthers. In the centre is a rudiment of a style. — The fertile flowers, situated on a different plant, are about half the size of the preceding. The calyx and corolla are similar but more erect. They have five small, abortive stamens and a roundish germ surmounted with a short, erect style, ending in three stigmas.
Page 53 - When applied as a dressing to a newly vesicated surface, and afterwards repeated twice a day, it rarely fails to keep up the discharge for an indefinite length of time. Under its operation, the discharge usually changes from a serous to a puriform appearance, and concretes upon the surface ; so that it requires to be removed from time to time, to admit the full action of the cerate. Internally the leaves of the Juniperus Virginiana have been found to exert effects very similar to those of the Savin....
Page 26 - Those persons who are constitutionally liable to the influence of this poison, experience from it a train of symptoms very similar to those which result from exposure to the Rhus vernix. These consist in itching, redness and tumefaction of the affected parts, particularly of the face ; succeeded by blisters, suppuration, aggravated swelling, heat, pain, and fever. When the disease is at its height, the skin becomes covered with a crust, and the swelling is so great as in many instances to close the...
Page 34 - The females, which grow on a different shrub, are less than half the size of the males, and consist of narrower scales, with each an ovate ovary, and two filiform styles. To these catkins succeed clusters or aggregations of small globular fruits resembling berries, which are at first green, but finally become nearly white. They consist of a hard stone inclosing a dicotyledonous kernel. This stone is studded on its outside with small black grains resembling fine gunpowder, over which is a crust of...
Page 52 - The taste of the two species is nearly the same, except that the cedar leaves are the more nauseous of the two. As the American tree is frequently known throughout the country by the name of Savin, our apothecaries have been led to presume upon its identity with that medicine, and it has long been used in cases where the true Savin is recommended. Its most frequent use, however, is in the composition of the cerate employed for keeping up the irritation and discharge of blisters. This preparation...
Page 70 - The burning sensation which the Ranunculi excite in the mouth when chewed, extends to the stomach if they are swallowed. Krapf states that a small portion of a leaf or flower of R. sceleratus, or two drops of the juice, excited acute pain in the stomach, and a sense of inflammation in the throat. He gave a large quantity of the juice to a dog, which brought on vomiting and great distress ; and the animal being killed, was found with the stomach inflamed and contracted, and the pylorus hardly pervious.

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