The Moral Sense
Are human beings naturally endowed with a conscience? Or is morality artificially acquired through social pressure and instruction? Most people assume that modern science proves the latter. Further, most of our current social policies are based upon this “scientific” view of the sources of morality. In this book, however, James Q. Wilson seeks to reconcile traditional ideas with a range of important empirical research into the sources of human behavior over the last fifty years. Marshalling evidence drawn from diverse scientific disciplines, including animal behavior, anthropology, evolutionary theory, biology, endocrinology, brain science, genetics, primatology, education and psychology, Wilson shows that the facts about the origin and development of moral reasoning are not at odds with traditional views predating Freud, Darwin and Marx. Our basic sense of right and wrong actually does have a biological and behavioral origin. This “moral sense” arises from the infant’s innate sociability, though it must also be nurtured by parental influence. Thus, this book revives ancient traditions of moral and ethical argument that go back to Aristotle, and reunifies the separate streams of philosophical and scientific knowledge that for so long were regarded as unbridgeable.
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - jxn - LibraryThing
I had hoped this book would either be 1) a formidable response to situationalist ethical perspectives, or 2) kind of a light-reading G.E. Moore, or 3) something altogether new and exciting. It was ... Read full review
The moral senseUser Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
The author, a political scientist, argues that human beings all share a "moral sense'' rooted in human biology and evolution. Using data from anthropology, sociology, biology, and psychology, he ... Read full review