The University Geological Survey of Kansas, Volume 2

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The Survey, 1897 - Geology - 318 pages
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Page 169 - Its cherty hardness and fracture are not due to the presence of silica, as one is tempted to infer, but are characters belonging to it as a dolomite. It is a durable building stone.
Page 193 - ... 1 Notes on the Geology of the Survey for the extension of the Union Pacific railway, Philadelphia, Feb.
Page 4 - The territory thus transferred extended from the British possessions on the north, to the Gulf of Mexico on the south, and from Mississippi River on the east to the Rocky Mountains on the west. In addition to this immense territory the cession included a narrow strip of land on the east bank of Mississippi River and near its mouth. The geography of the country was not well known, and the boundaries specified in the treaty were of necessity vague. The treaty of San Ildefonso (October 1, 1800...
Page 102 - with reserve we are inclined to place the stratum called the 'Shell bed' * * * in the Fort Benton group."3 Professor Hay referred to St. John's hesitation in correlating this bed with the Benton of northern Kansas, and he also referred to Professor Hill's description of the Lower Cretaceous in Texas "to which has been given the name of the Comanche series, and the identity of the Barber county beds with the Comanche series has been suggested. If it existed it would apply not only to the shell beds,...
Page 102 - the brilliant coloring of these sandstones and their weathering into vertical cliffs and isolated 'pulpit rocks' render the district one of remarkable variety both in color and form1." The above sandstone is evidently the one described by Professor Cragin as Cheyenne. The overlying fossiliferous shale.s are mentioned by Professor Hay as occurring in the hills north of Sharon, Barber county, and beyond the Barber and Comanche line, while "Specimens of the shells were given to us from localities near...
Page 30 - One of the most noticeable features in connection with the Arkansas river is the great and unusual bend it makes in passing from eastern Ford county so far to the north to Great Bend, and back so far to the south.
Page 309 - Chihuahua, the valley of Mexico. Their most eastern station is western Nebraska. They contain a fauna which includes one extinct species of the Megalonyx beds (Equus major Dek.) and the recent Castor fiber. They contain the extinct genus of sloths, Mylodon, of a species different from that of the east, and four species of camels of the genus Holomeniscus, and a peccary.
Page 79 - The area of the formation expands across Indian Territory to the Red river and Texas. . . . If a descriptive name were wanted we should call it the Red Rock Formation. The whole country is red. The soil, even where it contains much carbonaceous matter, is ruddy, the sedentary soil, just forming on the steeper slopes is ruddier, flooded rivers glance in the sunlight like streams of blood, steep bluffs and sides of narrow canyons pain the eye with their sanguine glare2.
Page 188 - Ued, brown and yellowish, rather coarse grained sandstone, often obliquely laminated, and containing many ferruginous concretions; also, fossil wood and many leaves of dicotyledonous trees, some of which belong to existing genera, and others to genera peculiar to the Cretaceous epoch. Locality, summit of Smoky Hills 60 ';2. Whitish, very fine grained argillaceous sandstone, underlaid by bluish purple and ash colored clays. Locality same as preceding 15 "3. Long, gentle slope, with occasional outcrops...
Page 310 - ... and extinct species of Bos, Dicotyles, Equus, Tapirus, Ursus, Castor, Arvicola, and Lagomys." As is seen above, all these extinct genera, with the exception of Smilodon, which is replaced by Dinobastis, occur in Kansas. "The remains of man have been shown to occur in the gold-bearing gravels. I have found them (obsidian spear and arrow-heads) in profusion mixed with the bones of the extinct fauna at Fossil Lake, Oregon, in a friable and wind-blown formation. This man, however, so far at least...

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