Solitary Wasps: Behavior and Natural History
While social wasps, like hornets and yellow jackets, garner most of the publicity (most of it negative), the vast majority of wasp species, including digger wasps, spider wasps, and mud-daubers, are solitary. Elegant in appearance and distinctive in their actions, solitary wasps have long fascinated observers and have been the subject of narratives by such naturalists and scientists as Jean Henri Fabre, Niko Tinbergen, and Howard Ensign Evans. Each adult female solitary wasp forages alone and, if she builds a nest, it is occupied solely by herself and her own offspring. Females use their stings mainly for hunting, rather than for defense, and exhibit a wide range of foraging and parental behaviors. Solitary wasps are of special interest to ethologists and evolutionary biologists. Kevin M. O'Neill provides readable yet thorough accounts of the natural history of the major families of solitary wasps and also surveys the current state of scientific research on these insects. Numerous comprehensive tables of quantitative data serve as an excellent reference for biologists. Topics covered in Solitary Wasps: Behavior and Natural History include: * classification of the solitary wasps and their relation to other Hymenoptera*foraging and nesting behaviors* mating and parental strategies*thermoregulation*natural enemies*defensive strategies*directions for future researchSolitary Wasps: Behavior and Natural History is the first general survey in more than 25 years to be dedicated to its subject and is the best place to turn for information about the biology and compelling behavior of these common insects.
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Wasp Diversity and Classification i
Foraging Behavior of Parasitoids
Foraging Behavior of NestProvisioning Predators
Foraging Behavior of Cleptoparasites
Pollen Foraging and Pollination
Natural Enemies and Defensive Strategies
abdomen aculeate aculeate wasps adult Alcock Amer Ammophila attack bees beetle Bembecinus Bembix Bethylidae biology brood parasites burrow Cerceris chrysidid Clausen cleptoparasites closure cocoon conspecific copulation courtship digger wasps dryinids ectoparasitoids endothermic Entomol ethology eumenines eusocial Evans and O'Neill Evans and West-Eberhard evolution families feeding female wasps flight flowers foraging genera genus Gess Goniozus Gordh ground-nesting Gwynne host hunting Hymenoptera insects Iwata Kans Krombein Kurczewski larvae leafhoppers males mandibles masarines mating mud nests Mutillidae mutillids natural enemies nectar nest cells nest-provisioning nesting behavior offspring oviposition Oxybelus parasitoids patrol Philanthus Podalonia politum pollen pollen wasps Pompilidae population predators prey items provisioning quinquespinosus rostrata Sapygidae Sceliphron Scoliidae sex allocation sex ratio soil surface solitary wasps species Sph-Be Sphecidae Sphex spider sting strategies studies subfamily tarantula hawks temperatures territories Tiphia Tiphiidae triangulum Trypoxylon V-Eum Vespidae Vespoidea West-Eberhard 1970
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