The History of al-Tabari Vol. 11: The Challenge to the Empires A.D. 633-635/A.H. 12-13

Front Cover
Although this volume deals with the part of al-Tabari's History covering the years 12 and 13 (633-35), in the caliphates of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and 'Umar b. al-Khattab, the narratives contained in it, which are lengthy and detailed, are concerned with the first Muslim conquests in Iraq and Syria. Although it might be expected, therefore, that this volume would be a basic source for these conquests, the actual value of the bulk of the reported traditions is in considerable doubt because most of the material is derived from a later Kufan traditionist, Sayf b. 'Umar (d. 170-93/786-809), who apparently exaggerated and distorted his material considerably. Indeed, Sayf's transmissions clearly reveal the tendency of his party, an anti-Shi'ite faction based on the Arab Mudar tribal group in al-Kufah that had lost out with the fall of the Umayyads and the coming of the 'Abbasids to power. Although Sayf's transmissions thus have limited value as far as the earliest conquests themselves are concerned, they are of the utmost value in revealing the content and character of Islamic historical debates in the late 2nd/8th century. In addition, they permit us to elucidate and reconstruct an early harmonizing tendency in Islam that undoubtedly had a significant effect on the way later Muslims viewed their earliest history.

The translation is preceded by an introduction analyzing the tendencies of Sayf and his party as revealed in this volume. Extensive notes accompany the text for the benefit of historians in other fields, as well as of Islamic specialists.
 

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Contents

VIII
1
XII
15
XIII
19
XIV
21
XV
26
XVI
37
XVII
49
XVIII
53
XXXII
138
XXXIII
139
XXXIV
140
XXXV
142
XXXVI
145
XXXVII
157
XXXVIII
159
XXXIX
161

XIX
57
XX
62
XXI
65
XXII
67
XXIII
68
XXIV
71
XXV
72
XXVI
73
XXVII
87
XXVIII
122
XXIX
128
XXX
129
XXXI
133
XL
170
XLI
172
XLII
173
XLIII
176
XLIV
182
XLV
188
XLVI
195
XLVII
196
XLVIII
215
XLIX
221
L
227
LI
235
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