The Chrysokamino Metallurgy Workshop and Its Territory

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ASCSA, 2006 - History - 462 pages
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This detailed report describes archaeological fieldwork conducted between 1995 and 1997 in rural northeast Crete. Excavations were made in two locations: a metallurgy workshop (abandoned in EM III) and a nearby rural habitation site, perhaps a farmhouse (used until LM III). An intensive survey of the vicinity revealed other activities in the area from the Early Neolithic onwards, and placed the sites in a micro-regional context. A publication of the Minoan farmhouse will appear subsequently, but this volume stands on its own as both an overview of the project and as a detailed study of the copper smelting workshop.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
3
THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
19
THE EXCAVATION OF THE METALLURGY WORKSHOP
47
THE APSIDAL STRUCTURE
55
THE POTTERY
67
THE STONE TOOLS
99
THE FURNACE CHIMNEY FRAGMENTS
109
THE POT BELLOWS
125
LAND USE ON THE CHRYSOKAMINO FAMRSTEAD
241
SURVEY CONCLUSIONS
257
PETROGRAPHY AND XRAY DIFFRACTION ANALYSES OF SLAGS AND FURNACE CHIMNEYS
281
SEMEDAX ANALYSIS
293
LEAD ISOTOPE AND CHEMICAL ANALYSES OF SLAGS FROM CHRYSOKAMINO
299
ARSENIC CONTENT OF COPPER PRILLS A STUDY APPLYING PIXE
321
SLAG ANALYSES BY WAVELENGTH DISPERSIVE SPECTROMETRY
325
RECONSTRUCTION OF THE COPPER SMELTING PROCESS AT CHRYSOKAMINO BASED ON THE ANALYSIS OF ORE AND SLAG SAMPL...
329

MISCELLANEOUS CERAMIC ARTIFACTS
133
OTHER METALLURGICAL MATERIALS
137
FAUNAL REMAINS
149
EVIDENCE FOR THE USE OF THRESHING REMAINS AT THE EARLY MINOAN METALLURGICAL WORKSHOP
153
CHRYSOKAMINO IN THE HISTORY OF EARLY METALLURGY
155
DISCUSSION OF THE WORKSHOP AND RECONSTRUCTION OF THE SMELTING PRACTICES
179
INTRODUCTION TO THE SURFACE SURVEY
193
TOPOGRAPHY OF THE CHRYSOKAMINO REGION
197
A SUMMARY OF THE HABITATION SITE AT CHRYSOKAMINOCHOMATAS
205
EDITH HALLS EXCAVATIONS IN THE THERIOSPELIO CAVE
215
CHRYSOKAMINO IN CONTEXT A REGIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY
221
THE GEOGRAPHIC BOUNDARIES OF THE CHRYSOKAMINO FARMSTEAD TERRITORY
233
REGISTER OF ANTHROPOGENIC FEATURES
355
THE MINOAN POTTERY FROM THE SURVEY
377
EVIDENCE FOR BEEKEEPING
391
THE BYZANTINE OF OTTOMAN POTTERY FROM THE SURVEY
393
THE EXCAVATION OF CAVE AF 9 AND TERRACE AF 22b
399
SOILS AND SEDIMENTS FROM NATURAL DEPOSITS AT CHRYSOKAMINO
403
ORGANIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF POTTERY SHERDS FROM CHRYSOKAMINO
413
PETROHRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF TWO FINAL NEOLITHIC SHREDS FROM THE CHRYSOKAMINO METALLURGY LOCATION
429
References
433
Index
457
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About the author (2006)

Philip P. Betancourt is Laura H. Carnell Professor of Archaeology and Art History at Temple University.

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