Smoothing the Ground: Essays on Native American Oral Literature

Front Cover
Brian Swann
University of California Press, 1983 - Literary Criticism - 364 pages
A compilation of essays and translations in which leading scholars in the fields of linguistics, folklore, ethnopoetics and literary criticism discuss the continuing American Indian oral tradition as literature. Native Americans invested the spoken word with reverence and power, and the oral literature that resulted from the fusing of language and event into vital force is extraordinarily rich and potent. Authors such as Dell Hymes, Karl Kroeber, Dennis Tedlock, Jarold Ramsey and John Bierhorst address the many aspects of the study of this literature, from the problem of translation and of the role of the literary critic to the interpretation of specific stories. ISBN 0-520-04902-0 : $12.95.
 

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Contents

Native American Literatures
3
Context and Continuity
39
On the Translation n Oral Narrative
57
American Indian Verbal Art and the Role of the Literary Critic
78
the Translation Dilemma
87
Indian Poetry and Linguistic Criticism
98
Persistent Hero
171
A Comparative Study
193
Comanche and Coyote the Culture Maker
245
Origins Type and Function
261
Kroeber Waters and Kroeber
283
Comic Reconciliation
301
The Hunter Who Had an Elk for a Guardian Spirit
309
Poem Dream and the Consuming of Culture
323
Black Elks Truth
334
REASONING TOGETHER
347

A Hopi Narrative Featuring the Motif of the Vagina Dentata 204 A Hopi Narrative Featuring the Motif of the Vagina Dentata
204
The Navajo Example
221

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