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abdominal adipose fin anal fin aperture appearance bait barbule belly Bloch body branchial breadth Brit brown called caudal fin caudal rays caught Charr coast Colonel Montagu colour common Cornwall Cuvier described dorsal and anal dorsal fin dorsal fin commences dusky edge Eels elongated eyes female figure fin-rays in number fishermen fishery Flem flesh fleshy portion genus gill-cover Gwyniad half-way inches in length irides Jenyns Lamprey lateral line longest lower jaw MALACOPTERYGII male membrane mouth nearly nose operculum Parr pectoral fin Penn Pennant Pilchard posterior pounds Regne rivers rounded Salmon Salmonida scales second dorsal fin Shad Shark shore side silvery Skate smooth snout spawn species specimen spines spots SUBBRACHIAL tail taken teeth Thames Trout Turbot Twaite Shad upper jaw upper surface vent ventral fins Vert Vertebra vignette vomer Whitebait whole length Willughby young Zool
Page 128 - The boat is moored in the tideway, where the water is from 2.1 to 30 feet deep ; and the net, with its wooden framework, is fixed to the side of the boat. The tail of the hose, swimming loose, is from time to time handed into the boat, the end untied, and its contents shaken out. The wooden frame forming the mouth of the net does not dip more than four feet below the surface of the water...
Page 54 - ... which are to be found moving about on the surface under banks and sheltered places. The Trout fed with worms grew slowly, and had a lean appearance; those nourished on minnows, which, it was observed, they darted at with great voracity, became much larger; while such as were fattened upon flies only, attained in a short time prodigious dimensions, weighing twice as much as both the others together, although the quantity of food swallowed by them was in nowise so great.
Page 29 - ... of the length of the head, and compared to the length of the whole fish, is as one to seven ; the first ray of the dorsal fin arises half-way between the point of the nose and the end of the fleshy portion of the tail ; the third ray of the dorsal fin, which is the longest, is of the same length as the base of the fin ; the pectoral fin...
Page 165 - Wratse. (Labrus maculatus.) parts of our coast ; it is about eighteen inches long, of a red colour above, pale orange beneath, and adorned with bluish green oval spots ; the fins and tail are green, with a few red spots, the dorsal fin is spotted at the base. The length of the head compared to the whole length of the fish is as one to four, and the depth of the body is equal to the length of the head. The fin-rays are, dorsal, 20 + 1 1 ; pectoral, 15 ; ventral, 1 + 5 ; anal, 3 + 9 ; caudal, 13.
Page 10 - For this purpose a kettle was placed upon the flat rock on the south side of the fall, close by the edge of the water and kept full and boiling. There is a considerable extent of the rock where tents were erected, and the whole was under a canopy of overshadowing trees. There the company are said to have waited until a salmon fell into the kettle, and was boiled in their presence.
Page 18 - At the mouths of rivers they rise freely at the artificial fly within fifty yards of the sea, and the common earth-worm is a deadly bait for the clean salmon. All the other marine salmon are known to be very voracious ; and there is nothing in the structure of the mouth or strong teeth of the common salmon, to warrant us to suppose that there is any material difference in their food.
Page 114 - The net is suspended by its upper edge from the drift-rope by various shorter and smaller ropes, called buoy-ropes ; and considerable practical skill is required in the arrangement, that the net may hang with the meshes square, smooth, and even, in the water, and at the proper depth ; for, according to the wind, tide, situation of their food, and other causes, the Herrings swim at various distances below the surface.
Page 405 - The pupil is emerald green, the rest of the eye blue. To the posterior edge of the pupil is attached a white vermiform substance, one or two inches in length. Each extremity of it consists of two filaments, but the central part is single. The sailors imagine this shark is blind, because it pays not the least attention to the presence of a man, and is, indeed, So apparently stupid, that it never draws back when a blow is aimed at it with a knife or a lance.
Page 289 - With a high degree of irritability and a low respiration, co-ex. ist — 1st. The power of sustaining the privation of air and of food; 2nd. A low animal temperature; 3rd. Little activity; 4th. Great tenacity of life. All these peculiarities eels are well known to possess. The high degree of irritability of the muscular fibre explains the restless motions...
Page 33 - Yarrell, however, speaking of the bull trout generally, appears to differ from this view, as it is evident that if the fish do not run up the rivers till November, they spawn later than the salmon ; whereas Yarrell asserts on the contrary that ' they ascend rivers for the purpose of spawning, in the same manner as the salmon, but earlier in the season ; and the fry are believed to go down to the sea sooner than the fry of the salmon.