Predicting the Weather: Victorians and the Science of Meteorology
Victorian Britain, with its maritime economy and strong links between government and scientific enterprises, founded an office to collect meteorological statistics in 1854 in an effort to foster a modern science of the weather. But as the office turned to prediction rather than data collection, the fragile science became a public spectacle, with its forecasts open to daily scrutiny in the newspapers. And meteorology came to assume a pivotal role in debates about the responsibility of scientists and the authority of science.
Studying meteorology as a means to examine the historical identity of prediction, Katharine Anderson offers here an engrossing account of forecasting that analyzes scientific practice and ideas about evidence, the organization of science in public life, and the articulation of scientific values in Victorian culture. In Predicting the Weather, Anderson grapples with fundamental questions about the function, intelligibility, and boundaries of scientific work while exposing the public expectations that shaped the practice of science during this period.
A cogent analysis of the remarkable history of weather forecasting in Victorian Britain, Predicting the Weather will be essential reading for scholars interested in the public dimensions of science.
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Chapter One Prediction Prophecy and Scientific Culture
Chapter Two Weather Prophets and the Victorian Almanac
Chapter Three Weather in a Public Office
Chapter Four Precision anda Science of Probabilities
Chapter Five Maps Instruments and Weather Wisdom
Chapter Six Science State and Empire
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Airy Papers Airy’s andthe astrology astronomical atmosphere BAAS barometer became Blanford Board of Trade Britain British Meteorological Charles Piazzi Smyth charts claims climate cloud collective committee contemporary critical debates deﬁne developed difﬁcult Edinburgh essay evidence famine ﬁeld ﬁg ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst Fitzroy’s Galton George Airy George James Symons Glaisher Greenwich Herschel Hunter India inﬂuence inﬂuential instruments John John Herschel Kew Observatory knowledge London lunar magnetic maps Meteorological Department Meteorological Ofﬁce meteorological science modern Morrison natural numbers Ofﬁce Papers ofﬁcial Parliamentary Papers phenomena philosophers photographs physical Piazzi Smyth popular practical precision probability prophecy published question rainband reﬂected Report Robert Fitzroy Royal Meteorological Society Royal Society Ruskin scientiﬁc scientiﬁc culture Scottish signiﬁcance spectroscope statistical storm warnings suggested sunspot Symons telegraph Tempest Prognosticator theories Victorian visual Weather Book weather forecasting weather prediction weather prophets weather wisdom Whewell William William Whewell wind Zadkiel Zadkiel’s Almanac
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