Theory and Practice in Aristotle's Natural Science
Cambridge University Press, Jun 11, 2015 - Philosophy
Aristotle argued that in theory one could acquire knowledge of the natural world. But he did not stop there; he put his theories into practice. This volume of new essays shows how Aristotle's natural science and philosophical theories shed light on one another. The contributors engage with both biological and non-biological scientific works and with a wide variety of theoretical works, including Physics, Generation and Corruption, On the Soul, and Posterior Analytics. The essays focus on a number of themes, including the sort of explanation provided by matter; the relationship between matter, teleology, and necessity; cosmic teleology; how an organism's soul and faculties relate to its end; how to define things such as sleep, void, and soul; and the proper way to make scientific judgments. The resulting volume offers a rich and integrated view of Aristotle's science and shows how it fits with his larger philosophical theories.
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The matter of sleep
Are facts about matter primitive?
Blood matter and necessity
Aristotle on the cosmological significance of biological
the view from the de Anima
Two conceptions of soul in Aristotle
Aristotles architectonic sciences
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activity analogous Anima animal’s aporia architectonic argues argument Aristotle says Aristotle thinks Aristotle’s natural Aristotle’s view attributes biological Cael ii 12 causal cause of sleep chapter claim cosmic definition Democritus dialectic discussion distinction dunamei eclipse efficient cause elements end-dative end-genitive eternal eulogos example exist explanatory facts about matter final cause follows formal cause function heart heat heavenly bodies hylomorphic interpretation kind kind’s krasis Lennox Leunissen 2010 living things material cause matter-analogue Metaph Metaphysics Meteorologica motion movement natural philosophy natural science natural scientific necessity Nicomachean Ethics nominal definition nourishment nutritive soul organism’s originative cycles ousia passage perception phantasia philosophy Phys Plato Plato’s politics Posterior Analytics practical sciences primary primitive principle processes productive sciences Protrepticus reason role sake sense sense-organ Somn Somno sort soul’s specific sublunary subordinate substance teleological explanation theoretical sciences theory Timaeus underlies understand unity vital capacities void καὶ κατὰ τὴν τὸ τῶν