Democratisation and Institutional Reform in Albania

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Springer, Feb 28, 2018 - Political Science - 253 pages

Albania’s democratic transition – one of the longest and most arduous of post-communist Europe – has failed to produce consolidated institutions. Therefore, this book undertakes the first comprehensive review of Albania’s military and judicial reform – from 1992 to 2009 – to ascertain why military reform produced substantial institutionalisation and judicial reform did not. The author analyses the different outcomes by outlining how political elites constructed the interests that shaped their subsequent political actions. Overall, this book presents a novel theoretical account for institutionalisation in emerging democracies and sheds light on two of Albania’s most important democratisation reforms. The book will appeal to practitioners working on institutionalisation reforms, institutionalist and democratisation researchers interested in post-authoritarian transitions, and area study scholars focusing on Albania and the Western Balkans.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
An Overview of the Military and Judiciary in Albania
11
Mainstream Institutionalist Approaches
33
A New Account of Institutionalisation
52
Conceptualisation and Measurement
73
Newspaper Coverage and Parliamentary Debate of Judicial Reform
92
Newspaper Coverage of Military Reform
137
Parliamentary Debate of Military Reform
181
Conclusions and Implications
226
Appendix 1
237
Appendix 2
239
Index
247
Copyright

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About the author (2018)

Elvin Gjevori is Lecturer of Politics at the European University of Tirana, Albania. Previously he was a Swedish Institute Research Fellow at Malmö University, Sweden, where he taught International Relations and Development. His research has appeared in Nations and Nationalism, International Peacekeeping, East European Politics, and other academic outlets.