Developments in Structural Form

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Routledge, Apr 3, 2013 - Architecture - 384 pages
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In the critically acclaimed first edition of this book, Mainstone offered a brilliant and highly original account of the structural developments that have made possible the achievements of architects and bridge builders throughout history.


In this extensively revised and expanded new edition, now available in paperback, new insights and a full coverage of recent developments in both design and construction are incorporated. The book identifies features that distinguish the forms built by man from those shaped by nature and discusses the physical and other constraints on the choices that can be made. It then looks in turn at all the elementary forms - arches, domes, beams, slabs and the like - which combine into the more complex forms of complete structures, and at the different classes of the complete forms themselves. The development of each form is traced chronologically, but with an emphasis less on the chronology than on the problems that designers have continually faced in trying to serve new ends with limited means or to serve old ones in new ways. The book concludes with a chapter on the processes of design, showing how the designer's freedom of choice has been widened by a growing understanding of structural behaviour.
 

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Contents

Early forms
Columnandbeam temples and palace and public halls
Tombs pyramids and some other structures
Prenineteenthcentury widespan buildings
Early domed churches and related later churches and mosques
PreGothic timberroofed and stonevaulted churches
Timber barns and Gothic stonevaulted churches
Seventeenth and eighteenthcentury vaulted and domed

The equilibrium of some structural elements acting in simple
Structural interdependence
Stone
Timber
Reinforced concrete
Operational aspects
Structural aspects
The effects of deformations occurring during construction
Structure and form
Simple elemental forms
Origins
Timber iron and steel arches
Catenaries
Concrete and masonry groined and ribbed vaults
Thin reinforcedconcrete shells
Airsupported and pneumatic membranes
Reinforcedmasonry beams
Floor and deck systems and slabs
Trussed equivalents of the beam and arch
Trussed and framed analogues
Proportions
Nineteenth and twentiethcentury widespan
Bridges
Timber iron steel and reinforcedconcrete arch bridges
Beam including cantilever bridges
Simple cable and stressedribbon bridges
Cablestayed bridges
Multistorey buildings and towers
Towers
Pretwentiethcentury bearingwall buildings
Nineteenth and earlytwentieth century fullyframed buildings
Later twentiethcentury framed and bearingwall buildings
Taller framed and corestiffened buildings of the 1960s
Later twentiethcentury taller framed and corestiffened
Structural understanding and design
Further developments from the nineteenth century to the mid
Changes and underlying continuities
Notes
Structural elements
Indexes
Copyright

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