Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering

Front Cover
Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain
MIT Press, Jan 25, 2008 - Political Science - 472 pages
A study of Internet blocking and filtering around the world: analyses by leading researchers and survey results that document filtering practices in dozens of countries.

Many countries around the world block or filter Internet content, denying access to information that they deem too sensitive for ordinary citizens—most often about politics, but sometimes relating to sexuality, culture, or religion. Access Denied documents and analyzes Internet filtering practices in more than three dozen countries, offering the first rigorously conducted study of an accelerating trend.

Internet filtering takes place in more than three dozen states worldwide, including many countries in Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa. Related Internet content-control mechanisms are also in place in Canada, the United States and a cluster of countries in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of global Internet filtering undertaken by the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto, the Oxford Internet Institute at Oxford University, and the University of Cambridge) and relying on work by regional experts and an extensive network of researchers, Access Denied examines the political, legal, social, and cultural contexts of Internet filtering in these states from a variety of perspectives. Chapters discuss the mechanisms and politics of Internet filtering, the strengths and limitations of the technology that powers it, the relevance of international law, ethical considerations for corporations that supply states with the tools for blocking and filtering, and the implications of Internet filtering for activist communities that increasingly rely on Internet technologies for communicating their missions. Reports on Internet content regulation in forty different countries follow, with each two-page country profile outlining the types of content blocked by category and documenting key findings.

Contributors
Ross Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva [as per Rob Faris], Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, Jonathan Zittrain

 

Contents

Introduction
1
1 Measuring Global Internet Filtering
5
The Politics and Mechanisms of Control
29
3 Tools and Technology of Internet Filtering
57
A Question of Commitment
73
Corporate Ethics on a Filtered Internet
103
6 Good for Liberty Bad for Security? Global Civil Society and the Securitization of the Internet
123
Introduction to the Regional Overviews
153
Jordan
308
Kazakhstan
312
Kyrgyzstan
317
Libya
321
Malaysia
325
Moldova
329
Morocco
333
Myanmar Burma
338

Internet Filtering in Asia
155
Internet Filtering in Australia and New Zealand
166
Internet Filtering in the Commonwealth of Independent States
177
Internet Filtering in Europe
186
Internet Filtering in Latin America
197
Internet Filtering in the Middle East and North Africa
207
Internet Filtering in SubSaharan Africa
213
Internet Filtering in the United States and Canada
226
Introduction to theCountry Summaries
237
Afghanistan
240
Algeria
245
Azerbaijan
249
Bahrain
254
Belarus
258
China including Hong Kong
263
Cuba
272
Egypt
276
Ethiopia
281
India
286
Iran
292
Iraq
300
Israel
304
Nepal
343
North Korea
347
Oman
350
Pakistan
355
Saudi Arabia
360
Singapore
364
South Korea
369
Sudan
375
Tajikistan
385
Thailand
390
Tunisia
395
Ukraine
400
United Arab Emirates
405
Uzbekistan
409
Venezuela
416
Vietnam
420
Yemen
425
Zimbabwe
429
Contributors
433
Index
435
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Ronald J. Deibert is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Citizen Lab and Canada Centre for Global Security Studies, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto.

John Palfrey is Head of School at Phillips Academy, Andover, coauthor of Born Digital: How Children Grow Up in a Digital Age, and author of the MIT Press Essential Knowledge volume Intellectual Property Strategy.

Rafal Rohozinski is the former Director of the Advanced Network Research Group at Cambridge University (Cambridge Security Programme). He is a principal with The SecDev Group, a global strategy and research analytics firm.

Jonathan Zittrain is Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, where he cofounded the Berkman Center for Internet and Society, and Professor of Computer Science at Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. He is the author of The Future of the Internet--And How to Stop It.

Jonathan Zittrain is Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, where he cofounded the Berkman Center for Internet and Society, and Professor of Computer Science at Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. He is the author of The Future of the Internet--And How to Stop It.

John Palfrey is Head of School at Phillips Academy, Andover, coauthor of Born Digital: How Children Grow Up in a Digital Age, and author of the MIT Press Essential Knowledge volume Intellectual Property Strategy.

Jonathan Zittrain is Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, where he cofounded the Berkman Center for Internet and Society, and Professor of Computer Science at Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. He is the author of The Future of the Internet--And How to Stop It.

John Palfrey is Head of School at Phillips Academy, Andover, coauthor of Born Digital: How Children Grow Up in a Digital Age, and author of the MIT Press Essential Knowledge volume Intellectual Property Strategy.

Ross Anderson is a Professor of Security Engineering at the Computer Laboratory at the University of Cambridge.

Jonathan Zittrain is Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, where he cofounded the Berkman Center for Internet and Society, and Professor of Computer Science at Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. He is the author of The Future of the Internet--And How to Stop It.

John Palfrey is Head of School at Phillips Academy, Andover, coauthor of Born Digital: How Children Grow Up in a Digital Age, and author of the MIT Press Essential Knowledge volume Intellectual Property Strategy.

Ronald J. Deibert is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Citizen Lab and Canada Centre for Global Security Studies, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto.

Rafal Rohozinski is the former Director of the Advanced Network Research Group at Cambridge University (Cambridge Security Programme). He is a principal with The SecDev Group, a global strategy and research analytics firm.

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