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America argument army asserted begums bill boroughs Britain British Burke called character Chatham church of England civil civil list conduct consequence considered constitution corruption crown danger declared duke duty effect elected endeavoured England equal established exchequer expence favour feel France French give Hastings honourable gentleman house of Bourbon house of commons house of Lancaster house of peers idea interest Ireland Irish volunteers judges justice king kingdom late legislature liberty lord Chatham LORD NORTH lordships majesty majesty's means measure member of parliament ment military mind minister motion nation nature necessary never noble lord object observed opinion parliament peace persons petition Pitt political present prince principles proceedings proposed prove question reason reform reign representation resolution respect revenue sentiments Sheridan shew situation slaves speech spirit test act thing thought tion trade trust vote whole wish
Page 346 - When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner.
Page 299 - I cannot alter the nature of man. The fact is so ; and these people of the southern colonies are much more strongly, and with a higher and more stubborn spirit, attached to liberty than those to the northward. Such were all the ancient commonwealths ; such were our Gothic ancestors ; such in our days were the Poles ; and such will be all masters of slaves, who are not slaves themselves. In such a people, the haughtiness of domination combines with the spirit of freedom, fortifies it, and renders...
Page 292 - Here this extraordinary man, then Chancellor of the Exchequer, found himself in great straits. To please universally was the object of his life; but to tax and to please, no more than to love and to be wise, is not given to men.
Page 11 - House. I would fain know by whom an American is represented here. Is he represented by any knight of the shire, in any county in this kingdom? Would to God that respectable representation was augmented to a greater number! Or will you tell him that he is represented by any representative of a borough ? a borough which, perhaps, its own representatives never saw! This is what is called the rotten part of the constitution.
Page 296 - ... their ability, let the best of them get up and tell me, what one character of liberty the Americans have, and what one brand of slavery they are free from, if they are bound in their property and industry by all the restraints you can imagine on commerce, and at the same time are made pack-horses of every tax you choose to impose, without the least share in granting them. When they bear the...
Page 299 - In no country perhaps in the world is the law so general a study. The profession itself is numerous and powerful ; and in most provinces it takes the lead. The greater number of the deputies sent to Congress were lawyers. But all who read, and most do read, endeavor to obtain some smattering in that science.
Page 300 - Commentaries in America as in England. General Gage marks out this disposition very particularly in a letter on your table. He states that all the people in his government are lawyers, or smatterers in law ; and that in Boston they have been enabled, by successful chicane, wholly to evade many parts of one of your capital penal constitutions.
Page 297 - When this child of ours wishes to assimilate to its parent, and to reflect with a true filial resemblance the beauteous countenance of British liberty, are we to turn to them the shameful parts of our constitution ? are we to give them our weakness for their strength, our opprobrium for their glory; and the slough of slavery, which we are not able to work off, to serve them for their freedom?
Page 10 - They are the subjects of this kingdom, equally entitled with yourselves to all the natural rights of mankind and the peculiar privileges of Englishmen ; equally bound by its laws, and equally participating in the constitution of this free country. The Americans are the sons, not the bastards of England.