The Origins of the Boxer War: A Multinational Study
This is the first book to provide a panoramic view of the origins of the Boxer War. Comprehensively examining this historical conundrum of the 20th century from a detached perspective, the book is based on ten years of exhaustive research of both unpublished and published materials from all nine countries involved. Analysing the misunderstanding between the Chinese and foreign governments of the day, Lanxin Xiang debunks the traditional view that the anti-foreign Empress Dowager of the Chinese Empire was chiefly responsible for this catastrophic episode which altered the course of 20th century China's relationship with the west.
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The Court out of Balance
The Barbarians out of Control
Imperialism German Style
Italy The Theatrical Performance
The Eruption in Shandong
Two Problems of Communication
The Threat of Force
The Road to Confrontation
The Road to War
The Undeclared War
Who Killed Baron Ketteler?
The Legation Guards and the End of Suppression
action Admiral affairs allied anti-foreign Anzer Baron Ketteler began Beijing Bishop Boxer Archives Boxer movement British China Chinese government Christian commanders consul converts Cordes Dagu Forts decision decree Delcasse diary diplomatic corps Dong elite Emperor Empress Dowager Empress Dowager's fact Favier force foreign diplomats Foreign Minister foreign troops French German minister Giers Governor Hongzhang imperial issue Italian Italy Italy's Japanese Jiaozhou Bay June June 14 Ketteler's killed Legation guards Legation quarters Li Hongzhang Liu Kunyi Lord Salisbury Manchu Court Martino military Missionary Coalition officials Peking Pichon political Powers Prince Duan Prince Gong Prince Qing protect railway reform religious riots Rong's Russian Salvago-Raggi Sanmen Bay sent Seymour Expedition Shandong Sheng Xuanhuai siege Sir Claude MacDonald Sir Robert Hart soldiers suppression telegram Tianjin ultimatum Viceroy Yu Lu Yangzi Yi He Tuan Yu Lu Yu Xian Yuan Shikai Zeng Guofan Zhang Zhang Zhidong Zongli Yamen