Millennial Praises: A Shaker Hymnal

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Univ of Massachusetts Press, 2009 - History - 297 pages
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From the very beginning in the 1770s, singing was an important part of the worship services of the Shakers, formally known as the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing. Yet until the early nineteenth century, nearly all Shaker songs were wordless--expressed in unknown tongues or as enthusiastic vocalizations. Only when Shaker missionaries moved west into Ohio and Kentucky did they begin composing hymn texts, chiefly as a means of conveying the sect's unconventional religious ideas to new converts. In 1812-13, the Shakers published their first hymnal. This venture, titled Millennial Praises, included the texts without music for one hundred and forty hymns and elucidated the radical and feminist theology of the Shakers, neatly distilled in verse. This scholarly edition of the hymnal joins the texts to original Shaker tunes for the first time. One hundred and twenty-six of the tunes preserved in the Society's manuscript hymnals have been transcribed from Shaker musical notation into modern standard notation, thus opening this important religious and folk repertoire to modern scholars. Many texts are presented with a wide range of variant tunes from Shaker communities in New England, New York, Ohio, and Kentucky. Introductory essays by volume editors Christian Goodwillie and Jane F. Crosthwaite place Millennial Praises in the context of Shaker history and offer a thorough explication of the Society's theology. They track the use of the hymnal from the point of publication up to the present day, beginning with the use of the hymns by both Shaker missionaries and anti-Shaker apostates and ending with the current use of the hymns by the last remaining Shaker family at Sabbathday Lake, Maine. The volume includes a CD of historical recordings of six Shaker songs by Brother Ricardo Belden, the last member of the Society at Hancock Shaker Village.--Publisher's description.
 

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Contents

The Birth of Shaker Hymnody
1
The Elaboration of Shaker Theology
25
Introduction to the Musical Scores
44
THE HYMNS
44
Part I
47
The Testimony of Eternal Truth
49
Commemoration of the Birth of Christ
52
Johns Vision
54
The Cause and Effect of Mans Fall
175
The Birth of Christ
176
The Morning Watch
178
The Virgin Spouse
180
The Morning Star
181
The glorious Morn
183
The living Building
185
Faith
186

The foundation Pillars revealed
56
The Son and Daughter
58
The heavenly Bridegroom Bride
59
The Restoration
62
Typical Trumpets
63
Typical Dancing
65
Voyage to Canaan
67
The Prophets and Apostles
69
The only Way
72
The Zion Traveller
73
The happy Day
74
The Kingdom of Zion
75
Spiritual Wine
76
The Fathers of Old
80
Ye are Gods building
82
The latter Day
84
The great Harvest
85
The Battleax
87
Day of Judgment
89
Babylon is fallen
90
Old Adam disturbed
92
The Gospel Invitation
94
The Believers Faith
96
Resolution against a carnal Nature
97
Humility
99
Heaven upon Earth
100
Thanksgiving
102
Thankfulness
103
My Feelings
104
The Season of Loves
105
Come let us proceed
107
The Union of the Spirit
108
Let Love abound
109
The Fountain of Love
110
Part II
113
The everlasting Parents
115
Mother
117
The gospel Commencement
119
The gospel Sound
122
The Day of Redemption
125
The gospel Message
127
The gospel Call
128
The Fall of Man
130
The Contrast
131
The Believers Answer
133
The Lambs Revelation
135
Gospel Tidings
137
The new Creation
138
The true Pillar
140
The gospel Trumpet
141
The last Woe
142
Jacob and Esau
144
A View of Predestination
146
The strait and narrow Way
147
The precious Way of God
149
The happy Journey
152
The Language of the Spirit
155
Charity
157
Freedom
158
The Word of Life
160
The Tree of Life
162
The gospel Child
164
Love
165
Invitation to Union
166
Beauty Union and Love
167
Happy Sensation
168
Our Saviours Birth day
169
The holy Lamb
171
Part III
173
Victory over the Man of Sin
188
How can we live any longer in Sin?
190
The Saints Triumph on the Downfall of Antichrist
191
The Dragons Rage
193
War in Heaven
196
The Day of Retribution
197
The Earthquake
199
Noahs Ark a Figure of the gospel Ark
202
The Ark of Safety
203
The Fountain of Grace
204
The happy Mansion
206
Mothers Children
208
Natural and spiritual Relation
210
The Deceivers
213
The Lord is here
215
The Law was holy
218
The Bread of Life
219
The true Believers Treasure
220
The excellent Gift
222
The Language of Believers
224
Jacobs Ladder
226
Christ and Herod
227
Make thy Garden grow
228
The faithful Few
230
Union
231
The joyful Worship
232
Come loving Brethren
233
Pure Love
234
Part IV
237
The Seasons
239
The Day long prayed for
242
The Hidingplace
243
Christ is come Alleluia
245
Christian Deeds and Names
247
Carnal Professors
248
The Testimony of a Believer
249
Come and welcome
250
The Gospel Day
251
Awake Awake
253
The Destruction of Gog
254
The Shakers
255
The Reapers
256
All Men cannot receive this Saying
257
There are Eunuchs
258
The Soldiers of Christ
259
The Journey to Canaan
261
The Jubilee
263
The Kingdom of Peace
264
The Kingdom of Glory
266
Flesh and Blood cannot inherit the Kingdom of God
267
The carnal Resurrection
269
The Resurrection of the Body
271
The Resurrection of the Soul
273
Micahs Prophecy
275
The State of the World
277
The Church of Christ
278
Gospel Liberty
280
There remaineth a rest
282
Come ye Blessed
283
Love is the fulfilling of the Law
285
Improve each Moment
287
Rights of Conscience
288
The Believers Manifesto
290
Notes to the Hymns
292
Bibliography
293
Index of First Lines
296
Notes to the Companion CD
298
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About the author (2009)

Christian Goodwillie is director of Special Collections at Hamilton College, Clinton, New York. He is also president of the Communal Studies Association and associate editor of the Richard W. Couper Press. He has published five books and numerous articles on the Shakers and associated topics.

Jane F. Crosthwaite is professor of religion at Mount Holyoke College.

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