Ear Training for Twentieth-century Music
How can the musician’s ear penetrate the complexities and theoretical abstractions of the twentieth-century music? This book offers a solution: it enables the student to perceive essential musical connections at the core of modern music by identifying and drilling the distinctive structures and processes of the twentieth century’s greatest composers. Michael L. Friedmann has developed and successfully tested a method that combines theory and exercises to give students a deeper understanding of modern music. Using musical examples from the works of Debussy, Bart k, Choenberg, and Stravinsky, Friedmann begins with extensive work in sight-singing and dictation. The chapters that follow develop clear, multifaceted approaches to intervals and dyads, transposition and inversion, melodic contour, and three-and four-element set classes. In these chapters Friedmann offers students opportunities not just to identify the twelve trichord and twenty-nine tetrachord types, but to explore their structural possibilities. He also demonstrates the relation of these set classes to the diatonic, whole-tone, and octatonic scales. Finally, Friedmann introduces set classes of more than four elements, as well as twentieth-century modes. The book provides a wealth of musical excerpts including melodies composed by the author himself—to test analytic listening ability and to make the student with each set class.
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Sets of More Than Four Elements
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axis Bartok best normal order Boosey & Hawkes class collections Interval collections Interval vector contains i(l Contour Class Debussy definition Diatonic subset different pitch class dyad melodies ear training Family hexachord identify interval content interval mod 12 inversionally symmetrical trichord Inversionally symmetrical Twelve Listen to ex modal interval mode Multiplicative melody musical examples normal order name octatonic scale ordered pitch interval pentatonic phrase element Pierrot lunaire pitch class collections pitch class interval pitch class numbers pitch class set pitch class space pitch class transposition pitch interval mod pitch space pitch transposition pitches or pitch played processes rehearsal number Schoenberg segmentation semitones set class type set types sight-singing Stravinsky String Quartet Superset group symmetrical Twelve different tetrachord tetrachordal set class three-note tonal transposition transpositionally Trichord subset content trichordal set class Twelve different pitch twentieth-century music two-note unordered pitch class unordered pitch interval violin Whole-tone group whole-tone scale Z-related