One Hundred Years of Chemical Engineering: From Lewis M. Norton (M.I.T. 1888) to Present

Front Cover
Nicholas A. Peppas
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 30, 1989 - History - 414 pages
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One hundred years ago, in September 1888, Professor Lewis Mills Norton (1855-1893) of the Chemistry Department of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology introduced to the curriculum a course on industrial chemical practice. This was the first structured course in chemical engineer ing taught in a University. Ten years later, Norton's successor Frank H. Thorpe published the first textbook in chemical engineering, entitled "Outlines of Industrial Chemistry." Over the years, chemical engineering developed from a simple industrial chemical analysis of processes into a mature field. The volume presented here includes most of the commissioned and contributed papers presented at the American Chemical Society Symposium celebrating the centenary of chemical engineering. The contributions are presented in a logical way, starting first with the history of chemical engineering, followed by analyses of various fields of chemical engineering and concluding with the history of various U.S. and European Departments of Chemical Engineering. I wish to thank the authors of the contributions/chapters of this volume for their enthusiastic response to my idea of publishing this volume and Dr. Gianni Astarita of the University of Naples, Italy, for his encouragement during the initial stages of this project.
 

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Contents

THE ORIGINS OF ACADEMIC CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
1
THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AS SHOWN BY ITS TEXTS
15
INFLUENCE OF THE 18TH AND 19TH CENTURY SWEDISH FRENCH AND GERMAN CHEMISTS
27
HISTORY OF A RESEARCH JOURNAL CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE
39
THE DEVELOPMENT OF FLUID MECHANICS IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
47
CHANGING VIEW ON THE CLASSICAL STEFAN PROBLEM
111
THE EDUCATIONAL FIGHTS OF THE THIRTIES
125
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING IN THE NETHERLANDS 19351965
143
FROM MINING TO CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM
237
LOUGHBOROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DEPARTMENT
245
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AT PURDUE UNIVERSITY
263
HISTORY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER
301
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING EDUCATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS 18951988
321
HISTORY OF ChE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON
353
THE HISTORY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AT ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY IIT
363
HISTORY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AT THE NEW JERSEY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 18811988
379

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIA
153
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AT UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON
223

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