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A. F. and M. E. A. F. form A. F. origin A. F. words Anglo-French Anglo-Saxon aphaeresis aphesis Arabic became M. E. become borrowed Celtic Central French century Chaucer close common consonant consonantal Cotgrave denoted derived dialect Dict Dictionary dimin diphthong epenthetic etymology examples excrescent final Folk-Latin France French words Gaston Paris gives Godefroy Goth Greek Grimm's Law hence heraldry influence initial inserted Ital Italian labialisation language large number later Latin words Littre lost Low Lat M. E. and A. F. Medially Middle English modern English modern French nasal number of words obsolete occurs palatalised phonetic prefix pronounced pronunciation remains remarkable rimes Romance languages sense short sometimes sound Span Spanish spelling spelt suffix symbol trilled unaccented usually verb voiceless vowel Vulgate whence E whence M. E. whilst written
Page iii - And who, in time, knows whither we may vent The treasure of our tongue, to what strange shores This gain of our best glory shall be sent, T' enrich unknowing nations with our stores? What worlds in th' yet unformed Occident May come refined with th
Page 121 - Old Kaspar took it from the boy Who stood expectant by: And then the old man shook his head, And with a natural sigh "'Tis some poor fellow's skull," said he, "Who fell in the great victory.
Page 298 - And yet ten Morte Arthures do not the tenth part so much harme as one of these bookes made in Italie and translated in England.
Page 298 - Wyat th' elder and Henry Earle of Surrey were the two chieftaines, who hauing trauailed into Italie, and there tasted the sweete and stately measures and stile of the Italian 'Poesie as...
Page 259 - English literature will explain the great importance of Latin in England in the middle ages. As Craik observes, 'it was the language of all the learned professions, of law and physic, as well as of divinity, in all their grades. It was in Latin that the teachers at the Universities (many of whom, as well as of the ecclesiastics, were foreigners) delivered their prelections in all the sciences, and that all the disputations and other exercises among the students were carried on.
Page 162 - French was fast becoming the universal language1, the language of fashionable society, the language of diplomacy . . . Our prose became less majestic, less artfully involved, less variously musical than that of an earlier age, but more lucid, more easy, and better fitted for controversy and narrative. In these changes it is impossible not to recognise the influence of French precept and of French example.
Page 52 - Je pri tote bone gent qe pur moi vueillent prier, Qe je pus a mon pais aler e chyvaucher; Unqe ne fu homicide, certes a moun voler, Ne mal robberes, pur gent damager. Cest rym fust fet al bois desouz un lorer; La chaunte merle, russinole, e eyre (?) * 1'esperver ; Escrit estoit en parchemyn pur mout remenbrer, E gitte en haul chemyn, qe um le dust trover.