Bridge Inspection and Rehabilitation: A Practical Guide

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John Wiley & Sons, 1993 - Technology & Engineering - 288 pages
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It is estimated that 225,000 bridges, including nearly 40% of highway bridges, in the United States today are structurally deficient or functionally obsolete. While the urgency of this problem has begun to be acknowledged at official levels, and more public funds set aside for bridge inspection and rehabilitation, the need remains for engineers versed in contemporary rehabilitation methods. Unfortunately, until the publication of this book, engineers’ efforts to educate themselves in the field have been thwarted by the fact that good, up-to-date material on bridge inspection and repair could be obtained only through a painstaking search through hundreds of specialized publications. Edited by Louis G. Silano, P.E., Senior Vice President and Technical Director of Structures with the firm of Parsons Brinckerhoff. Bridge Inspection and Rehabilitation: A Practical Guide is the first and only "A-to-Z" guide to practical aspects of bridge inspection and rehabilitation. Comprising contributions from a group of seasoned professionals from around the nation, it provides insights into every element of bridge structure, including broad coverage of materials and design types. Among important topics covered in Bridge Inspection and Rehabilitation are:
  • Advances in inspection techniques, including underwater inspection and non-destructive testing
  • All bridge design types, including suspension bridges, cable-stayed bridges, trusses, moveable bridges, and others
  • Basic structural elements, such as substructures, superstructures, decks, bearings, and joints
  • Special topics of contemporary concern, such as seismic design and seismic retro-fitting, environmental control issues, maintenance of traffic during rehabilitation, repair of historical bridges, and much more
Generously illustrated with nearly 200 line illustrations and photographs and offering in-depth coverage of most practical aspects of bridge assessment and repairs. Bridge Inspection and Rehabilitation is an invaluable resource for practicing bridge engineers and contractors. About the firm Consistently ranked number one in transportation by Engineering News-Record in its annual survey of the top 500 design firms, Parsons Brinckerhoff provides the full range of planning, engineering, construction management and facility management services. Founded in 1885, the company has grown to a firm of over 3,000 employees located at 75 offices worldwide. Internationally renowned for its pioneering work in bridge design, inspection, rehabilitation and construction supervision. Parsons Brinckerhoff has completed over 3,500 bridge projects encompassing virtually every type and style. Garnering numerous awards for excellence in design, rehabilitation and innovative technology, noteworthy projects include:
  • The Newport Bridge across Narragansett Bay in Rhode Island
  • The George Coleman Bridge, Yorktown, Virginia—the world’s largest twin swing-span highway bridge
  • The Fremont Bridge, Portland, Oregon—three-span, tied-arch construction with the longest orthotropic deck of its time
  • The Congress Avenue Bridge, Austin, Texas—a 70-year-old bridge rehabilitated to preserve its historic concrete arches beneath a new structural deck
  • The Hood Canal Bridge Replacement near Seattle, Washington—design of the storm-damaged half of the world’s longest floating bridge spanning a tidal waterway
 

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Contents

Bridge Inspection
1
The Inspection Process
8
Underwater Inspection
15
Future Trends in Inspection
22
Concrete Deterioration
29
Concrete Deck Slab Maintenance and Rehabilitation
39
Superstructure Rehabilitation
48
Concrete Box Girders
59
Movable Bridges
143
Repairs
155
Lubrication and Maintenance
165
Bearings
181
Deck Reconstruction
207
Deck Joints
221
Inspection of Deck Joints
229
Elastomeric Concrete
236

Preparing for Rehabilitation
65
Steel Structures
73
Typical Problems
86
Typical Details
96
Rehabilitation of Steel Railroad Bridges
109
Suspension Bridges
117
Rehabilitation of Suspension Cables
125
Case Studies of Cable Preservation Techniques
131
Selection of Bridges for Seismic Retrofit
243
Types of Seismic Retrofits
252
Conclusion
258
Detours or Maintenance of Traffic
264
Maintaining Traffic during Inspection
273
Wetlands Vegetation and Wildlife
279
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Bridge Rehabilitation
Wojciech Radomski
No preview available - 2002
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About the author (1993)

About the editors LOUIS G. SILANO, P.E., is a Senior Vice President and Technical Director of Structures with Parsons Brinckerhoff. His award- winning projects include the world's largest three-span stiffened tied-arch bridge, Fremont Bridge in Portland, Oregon, and New England's largest suspension span, the Newport Bridge in Rhode Island. Mr. Silano is a Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers and serves as a member of the Advisory Board for the Center for Construction Research and Education at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ARNOLD C. HENDERSON, PhD, is a Supervising Editor at Parsons Brinckerhoff.

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