Term Limits and Legislative Representation
Legislative term limits are the most important electoral reform on the political agenda in the United States. Term Limits and Legislative Representation tests the central arguments made by both supporters and opponents of the reform by examining the experience of Costa Rica, the only long-term democracy to impose term limits on legislators, and by providing extensive comparisons with legislatures in Venezuela and the United States. Professor Carey challenges claims made about the effects of term limits on political careers, on pork barrel politics, and on the effectiveness of political parties in passing their programs.
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ALCR argument aspirants Assembly careers bailiwicks ballot ballot access career prospects caucus central Chapter closed party lists coalition coefficient cohort committee congressional constituency service COPEI Costa Rican deputies Costa Rican legislators debate Dependent variable deputy's difference distribution of PEs district effects of term electoral connection electoral incentives electoral reform electoral system ideological immediate reelection incumbent deputies individual institutions Interview last-term leadership Legislative Assembly legislative behavior legislative representation legislative term limits legislatures limits in Costa lists national party NOMINATE scores nonaspirants partisan party cohesiveness party delegation party discipline party's personal reputations PLN deputies political careers politicians pork positions post-Assembly appointments post-Assembly career president presidential candidates prohibition PUSC Rafael Caldera reelection rates representatives responsiveness Rica and Venezuela Rica's served session share of PEs shirking Shugart small favors tion U.S. Congress U.S. Term Limits United value party variable Venezuelan Congress voters voting behavior