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Adamnan Alba Albany Alexander Angus appears army arrangement Balliol barons battle Bede Bernicia Berwick bishop Britons brother Bruce burghs Carlisle castle Celtic Celts century Christianity chronicler church claim clergy Columba Comyn Constantin crown Cumbria Dalriada daughter David death district dominion Donald Douglas Duncan Earl Earl of Fife earldom Edinburgh Edward enemy England English king father Firth force formidable fortunes France Galloway gave hands Henry influence interest invasion Iona Ireland Islands James James's Jedburgh John John Balliol Kenneth MacAlpin King of Scots king's kingdom land Lord Lothian Malcolm Malcolm II March Margaret master Moray mormaer Norman North Britain northern Northumberland Northumbria occasion once Orkney Oswiu Parliament peace period Pictish Pictland Picts possession princes proved reign Robert Roman Rome Roxburgh Saxon Scotland Scottish history Scottish king Somerled St Andrews Stirling Strathclyde succession successor territory throne took town treaty truce Tweed William
Page 349 - The Towns and Villages are populous. The houses are good, all built of hewn stone, and provided with excellent doors, glass windows, and a great number of chimneys. All the furniture that is used in Italy, Spain, and France, is to be found in their dwellings. It has not been bought in modern times only, but inherited from preceding ages.
Page 349 - are courteous in the extreme. I mention this because they are really honest, though very bold. They are absolute mistresses of their houses, and even of their husbands in all things concerning the administration of their property, income as well as expenditure. They are very graceful and handsome women ; they dress much better than in England, especially as regards the head-dress, which is, I think, the handsomest in the world.
Page iv - TJie series is intended for the use of all persons anxious to understand the nature of existing political conditions. "The roots of the present lie deep in the past...
Page 144 - Scottish barons crowding in upon him to offer their homage and to forswear the French alliance. Even its symbols of independence were removed from the prostrate land. On his southward march he bore off from Scone the immemorial " Stone of Destiny " and certain charters which he thought were better in his own keeping ; and at Edinburgh he laid hands on the Holy Rood, the most sacred relic in Scotland, whither it had been brought by the sainted Margaret. In a Parliament held at Berwick (August 28)...
Page 147 - ... English host, Cressingham himself being among the slain. The results of the victory at Stirling were at once immediate and decisive. A document, which has been preserved, written a month after the battle, brings this vividly before us. It is a letter addressed by William Wallace and Andrew de Moray*, to the magistrates and commons of the Hanseatic cities, Liibeck and Hamburg. Styling themselves "the leaders of the army of the Kingdom of Scotland," they thank their correspondents for their past...
Page 153 - right fair point of chivalry," was gained in Galloway by Edward Bruce, who in one year, 1308, took thirteen fortresses in that district. Robert might well say that " he was more afraid of the bones of Edward I. than of the living Edward of Caernarvon, and that it was easier to win a kingdom from the son than half a foot of land from the father " Edward II. was always intending to come to Scotland in person, and wasting time in preparations, spending subsidies as fast as he collected them, and changing...
Page 356 - I am also advertised that he is so passionate, that and he be apart amongst his familiars, and doth hear anything contrarious to his mind and pleasure, his accustomed manner is to take his bonnet suddenly off his head, and to throw it in the fire, and no man dare take it out, but let it to be brent. My lord Dacre doth affirm, that at his last being in Scotland he did burn above a dozen bonnets after that manner.
Page 89 - ... for tracing this gradual apportionment of lands by successive kings. It had begun at least in the reign of Malcolm Canmore; but it was David who performed it on a scale which converted it into a revolution. Three examples will be sufficient to illustrate the extent to which the invasion proceeded. David granted Annandale to de Bruce, Cunningham in Ayrshire to de Moreville, and Renfrew with part of Kyle to Fitzalan. We have no certain knowledge of the manner in which this transference was carried...
Page 9 - Besides founding his church, Ninian, also according to Bede, preached to the Southern Picts and converted them to Christianity. Who these Picts were and what is implied in this vague notice of their conversion will probably never be determined ; and, as a matter of fact, all traces of Ninian's labours disappear during the centuries that followed the withdrawal of the legions1. Yet whatever the sphere and extent of Ninian's labours may have been, it was to Rome that he owed his religion and it was...