Apaches at War and Peace: The Janos Presidio, 1750-1858

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University of Oklahoma Press, Sep 1, 1998 - History - 300 pages
Apaches at War and Peace is the story of the Chiricahua Apaches on the northern frontier of New Spain from 1750 to 1858, especially those within the region of the Janos presidio in northwestern Chihuahua. Using previously untapped archives in Spain, Mexico, and the United States, William Griffen relates how Apache raids and other hostilities were the norm until Bernardo de Galvez, viceroy of New Spain, encouraged the Apaches to settle near presidios. By 1790 some Apaches were in residence at Janos, and intermittent periods of peace and conflict ensued until Mexican independence brought more radical changes in Indian policy (such as the state of Sonora's offer of bounties for Indian scalps). Griffen explores issues of changing Indian policy, Indian-Mexican relations, and the entry of the United States onto the scene after its invasion of Mexico. For this reprint he includes a new preface discussing recentresearch issues.
 

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Contents

Southern Apaches and Northern Mexico I
1
Apaches in Nueva Vizcaya 175081770S
19
Apaches in Northern Nueva Vizcaya 17761786
37
The Beginning of Peace with Gileño Apaches
53
Apaches at the Janos Presidio
69
Apaches in the Janos District 18001821
87
The Apache Experience at Janos
99
Apaches in the Mexican Period
119
Santa Rita and After
157
The Beginning of
185
New Conflicts and the End of Peace
205
The 1850s
223
The Final Settlement of Apaches at Janos
247
Number of Apaches Administered at Frontier
267
BIBLIOGRAPHY
273
INDEX
283

Apaches at Santa Rita del Cobre
139

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Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 279 - Hazanas de tres celebres Apaches Sublevados en el Estado de Chihuahua a principios del Present Siglo.

About the author (1998)

William B. Griffen is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Northern Arizona University and the author of Utmost Good Faith: Patterns of Apache-Mexican Hostilities in Northern Chihuahua Border Warfare, 1821-1848.

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