Drinking Water: Unreliable State Data Limit EPA’s Ability to Target Enforcement Priorities and Communicate Water Systems’ Performance
DIANE Publishing, 2011 - 74 pages
The nation's drinking water is among the safest in the world, but contamination has occurred, causing illnesses and even deaths. Under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), the EPA has authorized most states, territories, and tribes to take primary responsibility for ensuring that community water systems provide safe water. This report assessed the: (1) quality of the state data EPA uses to measure compliance with health and monitoring requirements of the act and the status of enforcement efforts; (2) ways in which data quality could affect EPA's management of the drinking water program; and (3) actions EPA and the states have been taking to improve data quality. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.
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95 percent confidence According to EPA accurately reported agency’s Appendix community water systems completely and accurately completeness and accuracy compliance determination errors data flow errors data in SDWIS/Fed data on enforcement data on monitoring data on violations data verification audits drinking water regulations electronic reporting enforcement actions enforcement data Enforcement Response Policy Enforcement Targeting Tool Environmental Protection Agency EPA officials EPA regions exposure to contaminants factors goal GPRA Ground Water guidance health-based and monitoring health-based violations identify implementation improve data quality monitoring and reporting monitoring violations Navajo Nation Office of Ground oversight percent confidence interval percentage of health-based performance measures primacy agencies public water systems PWSS program quality of data recommendations report or inaccurately reported to SDWIS/Fed reporting violations requirements return to compliance Safe Drinking Water score SDWA SDWIS SDWIS/Fed data SDWIS/State serious compliance problems strategic targets survey respondents violations and enforcement violations data Water and Drinking