Helping Children Left Behind: State Aid and the Pursuit of Educational Equity
Federal reform legislation declares, through its title, that no child should be left behind. Despite this, the sad truth is that many children are being left behind, particularly in large, poor, urban school districts. Because of this inequity, state supreme courts have thrown out the education finance systems in eighteen states, and many states have implemented major education finance reforms. These reforms have lessened disparities in educational spending but appear to have had little impact on disparities in educational performance. Helping Children Left Behind explores both the general issues in education finance reform and the experiences of five states to understand why these disparities persist and to design policies that address them. The book is a valuable resource for scholars, public officials, and others interested in education finance reform.
The first part of the book addresses the general issues involved in reform of state aid to education. After a comprehensive introductory chapter that outlines such issues as selecting aid formulas, adjusting for disadvantaged students, district accountability, and school choice, the chapters in part I examine these issues in more depth, discussing court cases involving school finance reform, the relationship between funding and accountability, and the consequences and feedback effects of school aid reform policies, including the effect on residential patterns. The second part of the book consists of detailed case studies of recent ambitious school finance reform efforts in Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Texas, and Vermont. Three appendixes offer valuable reference material, describing significant state court decisions on school finance systems (through June 2003), state operating aid programs, and state building aid formulas.
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Views from the Bench
Some Conceptual and Technical
The Impact of School Reform
Evaluating Proposal A
A NeverEnding Story?
access equality accountability system aid formula aid programs aid reform appendix table average budget Campbell County categorical chapter charter schools coefficient coefficient of variation constitutional correlation cost adjustments cost index decision distribution Duncombe and Yinger Edgewood educa education clause education finance system education spending educational costs effects enrollment equal protection equal protection clause equilibrium fiscal fiscal neutrality foundation level funding system Gini coefficient impact income increase inequality issues Kansas Kentucky KERA legislation levy measures Michigan mill levy Nechyba per-pupil spending percent percentage plaintiffs private schools property tax property tax rate property values property wealth public school pupil weights relative equity result school accountability school finance reform school finance system school funding school quality spending per pupil state's student performance supplementation Supreme Court teacher test scores Texas Texas Supreme Court tion tricts U.S. Census Bureau Vermont Voter approval vouchers Yes Yes