India's Undernourished Children: A Call for Reform and Action
World Bank Publications, 2006 - Political Science - 120 pages
"The prevalence of child undernutrition in India is among the highest in the world, nearly double that of Sub-Saharan Africa, with dire consequences for morbidity, mortality, productivity and economic growth. Drawing on qualitative studies and quantitative evidence from large household surveys, this book explores the dimensions of child undernutrition in India and examines the effectiveness of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)program, India's main early child development intervention, in addressing it. Although levels of undernutrition in India declined modestly during the 1990s, the reductions lagged behind those achieved by other countries with similar economic growth. Nutritional inequalities across different states and socioeconomic and demographic groups remain large. Although the ICDS program appears to be well-designed and well-placed to address the multi-dimensional causes of malnutrition in India, several problems exist that prevent it from reaching its potential. The book concludes with a discussion of a number of concrete actions that can be taken to bridge the gap between the policy intentions of ICDS and its actual implementation."
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ACC/SCN Andhra Pradesh anganwadi centers anganwadi workers attendance AWCs baseline/ICDS II endline behaviors Bihar Calculated from NFHS capita GDP Chhattisgarh chil Child Development Child Health Program coverage Department of Women dren DWCD economic growth effective endline survey 2000–2 feeding figure girls groups household ICDS III baseline/ICDS ICDS program impact implementation improve increase infection iodine deficiency iodine deficiency disorder iron deficiency anemia Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur MDG target micronutrient deficiencies Mismatch Mizoram monitoring and evaluation nutrition nutrition interventions nutritional status Orissa percent percentage of children percentage of underweight poorest pregnant women preschool education prevalence of iron prevalence of malnutrition prevalence of underweight protein-energy malnutrition Quintile Rajasthan Reproductive and Child scheduled castes scheduled tribes service delivery severe underweight Source stunting Tamil Nadu tertile undernutrition underweight among children underweight children underweight prevalence UNICEF urban Uttar Pradesh Vitamin A deficiency Women and Child World Bank
Page 93 - Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh West Bengal...
Page 38 - UNICEF framework links the availability of nutrition resources to a set of basic determinants, which are themselves a function of how society is organized in terms of economic structure, political and ideological expectations, and the institutions through which activities within society are regulated, social values are met, and potential resources are converted into actual resources. Consequently...
Page 8 - Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is the single most common cause of preventable mental retardation and brain damage in the world.
Page 95 - Quintile Quintile 1 (poorest) Quintile 2 Quintile 3 Quintile 4 Quintile 5 (richest...
Page 37 - Child behavior tends to be more constructive when sufficient space is organized to promote the practice of developmentally appropriate skills. Crowding has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of developing upper respiratory infections.
Page 61 - Periodically, it allows an assessment to be made of the extent to which the program is having the desired impact.
Page 35 - Inadequate or inappropriate knowledge and discriminatory attitudes limit household access to actual resources...