European Status Report on Road Safety: Towards Safer Roads and Healthier Transport Choices
WHO Regional Office Europe, 2009 - Medical - 161 pages
This report presents the status of road safety in the WHO European Region and provides a baseline assessment of how far 49 countries have come in implementing the recommendations of the World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. In the Region, road crashes result annually in 120,000 deaths, 2.4 million injuries and a great economic burden, which may be up to 3% of a country's gross domestic product. Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among people 5-29 years old. Vulnerable road users such as pedestrians, cyclists and users of motorized two-wheelers constitute 39% of all road traffic injury fatalities, with pedestrians being more at risk in the eastern part of the Region. Countries differ greatly in mortality rates for road traffic injuries; the average in low- and middle-income countries is twice that in high-income countries. Countries policy responses in providing road safety for their citizens have differed. This report proposes the following areas of action: narrow the gap between countries with the lowest and highest mortality rates; provide better protection for vulnerable road users; develop a well-resourced multisectoral road safety strategy in each country; design and enforce comprehensive legislation; and develop and implement healthier transport policies. In addition, country profiles on the current status of road safety are presented for the 49 participating countries.
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Explanatory notes for Annexes 213
in the WHO European Region
Road safety management strategies and policies in countries
3-wheelers access telephone number Age-speciﬁc mortality rates Applies to front-seat blood alcohol concentration Bosnia and Herzegovina cars National policies Costing study available Deaths by road deŚned Disincentives for private drivers involved Enforcementa Yes Formal audits required framework for road g/dl BAC limit Gross national income Gross output Health Helmet standards mandated Investment in bicycle Investment in foot involved in crashes Kyrgyzstan legislation Speed limits Ministry motorcycle helmets National data coordinator National road safety non-fatal road trafﬁc number of non-fatal ownership per 1000 physician certiﬁcate policies to promote prehospital care system promote walking Promoting transport alternatives public transport Yes rates from road Reported number Republic of Macedonia Republic of Moldova Road safety audits road safety strategy road trafﬁc deaths road trafﬁc injuries road user category roads 50 seat-belts in cars Trafﬁc-calming measures Turkmenistan universal access telephone vehicle inspection World Bank Yes National Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes young or novice