Neither Donkey Nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle Over China's Modernity

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University of Chicago Press, Sep 9, 2014 - History - 382 pages
"Neither Donkey Nor Horse "tells the story of how Chinese medicine was transformed from the antithesis of modernity in the early twentieth century into a potent symbol and vehicle for China s struggle with it half a century later. Instead of viewing this transition as derivative of the political history of modern China, Sean Hsiang-lin Lei argues that China s medical history had a life of its own and at times directly influenced the ideological struggle over the meaning of China s modernity and the Chinese state. Far from being a remnant of China s pre-modern past, Chinese medicine in the twentieth century co-evolved with Western medicine and the Nationalist state, undergoing a profound transformationinstitutionally, epistemologically, and materiallythat justifies our recognizing it as modern Chinese medicine. This new medicine was derided as neither donkey nor horse, because it attempted to integrate modern Western medicine into what its opponents considered the pre-modern and un-scientific practices of Chinese medicine. Its historic rise is of crucial importance for the general history of modernity in China, fundamentally challenging the conception of modernity that rejected the possibility of productive crossbreeding between the modern and the traditional. By exploring the co-production of modern Chinese medicine and China s modernity, Lei offers both a political history of medicine and a medical history of the Chinese state. "Neither Donkey Nor Horse "synthesizes into a single historical narrative what was previously separated into three independent histories: the history of Western medicine in China, the history of Chinese medicine, and the political history of the state.
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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
The Containment of the Manchurian Plague 191011
21
From Missionary Medicine to Public Health 18601928
45
Chapter 4 Imagining the Relationship between Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine 18901928
69
Chapter 5 The Chinese Medical Revolution and the National Medicine Movement
97
Chapter 6 Visualizing Health Care in 1930s Shanghai
121
Scientizing Chinese Medicine and the Rise of Mongrel Medicine
141
Chapter 8 The Germ Theory and the Prehistory of Pattern Differentiation and Treatment Determination
167
The Birth of the New Antimalaria Drug Changshan
193
Chapter 10 State Medicine for Rural China 192949
223
Thinking with Modern Chinese Medicine
259
Acknowledgments
283
Notes
289
Index
359
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About the author (2014)

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei is associate research fellow at the Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica, Taiwan; associate professor at the Institute of Science, Technology, and Society at National Yang-Ming University; and a member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He lives in Taipei, Taiwan.

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