State and Administration in Japan and Germany: A Comparative Perspective on Continuity and Change

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Michio Muramatsu, Frieder Naschold, Professor Frieder Naschold
Walter de Gruyter, 1997 - BUSINESS & ECONOMICS - 349 pages
A comparison of politics and administration in Japan and Germany seems at first to be a comparison between similar highly industrialized states. This volume provides the first in-depth study about the two countries - the differences in their administrative and political party systems, the differences in the international environment which they faced after World War Two and during the Cold War.
 

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Contents

Comparative Research on the State and Administration
1
Bureaucracy versus
13
Characteristics of the Japanese Bureaucracy
19
Maximum Mobilization and Personnel Administration
26
Concluding Remarks
35
and the Legacy of the Old Reich
45
Parliamentarism and Party Government
51
Ambiguities of Citizenship in the German Nationstate
59
The Structure of Society
160
The Structure of Policy Networks
169
Mode of the Linkage
177
Old Issues and New Challenges
185
Four Cases of Industrial Policy in Germany
200
Labor and the State in the 1980s
222
Analysis
234
Conclusion
242

The Reform Agenda
65
Administrative Reform and Coalition Politics
72
Modernization of the Public Sector and Public Administration
79
Public Sector Reforms in the 1960s and Early 1970s Within
82
Upsurge of a Modernization
90
German Unification and Administrative Reform
97
Building
107
Integration of Social Programs into a Coherent System
118
Conclusion
129
Pathdependent
133
Rising Unemployment
143
Conclusion
153
Labour Policy
247
Broad Strategic Direction
255
Politics in Production
266
Outlook
277
Actors
283
Conclusions
299
A Reevaluation of the Japanese PoliticalEconomic System
314
Conclusions
321
Issues and Trends in Modernizing the Central State in Japan
332
About the Contributors
347
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