Axe Age: Acheulian Tool-making from Quarry to Discard
Equinox, 2006 - Social Science - 514 pages
"Axe Age" is dedicated to the Acheulian, a unique cultural phenomenon with the longest duration and the widest distribution in the history of humanity. The Acheulian lasted over 1 million years and is well known over three continents (Africa, Europe and Asia). This stone tool tradition is characterized by its hallmark bifacial tools, which include handaxes and cleavers. Though this prehistoric culture has been investigated extensively for over a century, countless questions have remained unanswered. Many of them are addressed in this volume. The volume, of interest to both scholars and students, presents original contributions that expand the scope of our understanding of this intriguing cultural entity. The contributions cover a vast geographic terrain and a large array of issues expressing hominin cognitive abilities and behavioral modes, such as landscape exploitation, production of bifacial tools and their classification, regional diversity, transmission of knowledge, transportation and discard patterns. Of the many authors, some are eminent scholars of worldwide reputation in Acheulian research, while others are young scholars reporting on their original research data. All of them contribute to gaining an improved understanding of the Acheulians and their culture.
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Introduction Naama GorenInbar and Gonen Sharon
The Acheulian quarry at Isampur Lower Deccan India K Paddayya Richa Jhaldiyal
Acheulian quarries at hornfels outcrops in the Upper Karoo region of South Africa
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Acheulian assemblages Acheulian bifaces Acheulian handaxes Acheulian industries Acheulian sites Acheulo-Yabrudian Africa Ambrona archaeological artifacts basalt basin bifaces bifacial tools blanks British butt Caucasus cleaver-like cleavers cobbles complex context cortex cortical Corvinus cultural cutting edge debitage deposits distal early excavated Figure flake cleavers flint frequency Gesher Benot Ya'aqov Goren-Inbar Gowlett handaxes hominins hornfels India Isampur Israel Kalambo Falls Keilmesser knapping large cutting tools large flakes Late Acheulian Layer Levallois technique limestone lithic assemblages located Lower Paleolithic manufacture McPherron metrical Middle Paleolithic Middle Pleistocene Misliya Cave nodules Olduvai outcrops Paddayya Paleolithique patterns Pérez-Gonzalez Petraglia production quarry quartzite raw material retouch Revadim sample Santonja Saragusti Satpati scars scrapers sequence shape Siwalik Smaldeel stone tool stratigraphic striking platforms surface Table Tabun Tabun Cave terrace thick tranchet Trench typology Upper Vaal River variability Victoria West Victoria West cores Whitlingham width Yabrudian