Principles of Roman Architecture
The architects of ancient Rome developed a vibrant and enduring tradition, inspiring those who followed in their profession even to the present day. This original book is the first to explore their approach to design. Mark Wilson Jones draws on both new archaeological discoveries and his own analyzes of the monuments to reveal how Roman architects went about the creative process.
Wilson Jones begins by outlining the state of knowledge regarding Roman architects, Vitruvius in particular, as well as the dynamics of design as illuminated by surviving architectural drawings and models. Then, in a series of thematic chapters dedicated to the plan, the elevation, and the principal distributive element of Roman buildings, the Corinthian column, he focuses on underlying patterns of design that transcend function and typology. The success of Roman architecture is shown to rest on a robust yet subtle synthesis of theory, beauty, content, and practicality. At the same time, it maintains a vital equilibrium between the apparently conflicting goals of rule and variety. The next part of the book focuses on two singularly enigmatic monuments, Trajan's Column and the Pantheon, to illustrate how architects might bend principles to circumstance. The author resolves long-standing controversies over their conception, showing how both structures came to be modified after work on the site had begun. Even the Romans' mighty building machine had to come to terms with the gap between ideals and the physical realities of construction.
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AA.VV acanthus aedicules Agrippa's align amphitheatre ancient antiquity Apollodorus Arch archi architecture arithmetical Athens attic Augustan Augustus axis Baalbek base Basilica Baths building central centres century bc chapter cited column diameter column height composition construction Corinthian capital Corinthian order cornice decor detail dimensions Doric drawings drum elevation emperor entablature entasis eurythmia example exedrae facade Forum frieze geometry Greek Gros Hadrian Hadrian's Villa Hellenistic imperial interior Internal diameter Ionic Maison Carree marble Mars Ultor Mausoleum measured modillions monolithic monuments original Pantheon pedestal pediment Pensabene peristyle pilasters plinth podium Pompeii portico principles proportions quarries ratio reconstruction Renaissance Roman architects Roman architecture Rome rotunda S.GA S.GAJ S.GC Santa Costanza scheme shafts space square structure symmetria tall Temple of Mars tholos tion Tivoli tomb Trajan's Column Trajan's Forum transitional block triglyph Tuscan vaults Villa Vitruvius Ward-Perkins width Wilson Jones