This book provides an introduction to the history of medieval Wales, with particular emphasis on political developments. It traces the growth of Welsh princely power, and the invasion and settlement of Welsh territories by Norman adventurers which resulted in the creation of the marcher lordships and the steady erosion of Welsh princely authority in the south. The subsequent development of a powerful Welsh state under the leadership of the princes of Gwynedd was checked by Edward I in 1277, and thereafter the principality was deliberately overrun and destroyed: the Edwardian castles are symbols of conquest. Despite valiant attempts by local leaders in the thirteenth century, and by a national leader Owain Glyn Dwr early in the fifteenth, the English domination of Wales persisted, even beyond the advent of the Tudor dynasty. This is the first comprehensive short textbook on medieval Wales to be written for school and university students. It will also attract anyone with a general interest in Celtic studies or in the centuries which played such a formative role in the development of the Welsh national character.
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WALES IN THE DARK AGES
THE NORMANS IN WALES
THE MARCHER LORDSHIPS
THE CHURCH IN WALES
CRISIS OF IDENTITY TOWARDS A PRINCIPALITY OF WALES
THE EDWARDIAN CONQUEST
administration Anglesey ap Maredudd ap Rhys appointed attack Bangor bishop Bohun borough Braose Brecknock Brecon brother built Builth Caernarfon campaign Cardigan Carmarthen castle Ceredigion Chester church claim Clare Conwy Dafydd Dafydd ap Gruffydd death defence Deheubarth Despenser died diocese duke dynasty earldom Edward Edwardian England established estates f1gures fitz forces Fychan Gerald Glamorgan Glyn Dwr Gruffydd ap Cynan Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Gwenwynwyn Gwynllwg held Henry Hereford homage Hywel inheritance John justiciar Kidwelly king's kingdom lands later Llandaff Llywelyn ab lorwerth Llywelyn ap Gruffydd lordship Maelienydd magnates major marcher lords marches marriage Norman north Wales Pembroke Perfeddwlad political prince of Gwynedd prince of Wales reign Rhodri Rhuddlan Rhys ap Rhys ap Gruffydd Richard Robert Roger Mortimer royal ruler secure settlement south Wales southern Powys St Asaph St David's success successor tenure territory thirteenth century twelfth century Welsh leaders Welsh princes Welshmen west Wales William
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