The History of Creation, Or, The Development of the Earth and Its Inhabitants by the Action of Natural Causes: A Popular Exposition of the Doctrine of Evolution in General, and of that of Darwin, Goethe, and Lamarck in Particular : from the 8. German Ed. of Ernst Haeckel, Volume 2
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Algae Amniota Amphibia Amphioxus ancestors Ancestral Stage ancient animal kingdom Articulata articulated belong Birds body body-cavity calcareous cells central characteristic ciliated closely allied Cnidaria common primary form comparative anatomy connected Crabs Creodonta Crustacea Dipneusta distinguished earth Echinoderma Eocene epoch Ernst Haeckel existed extinct fact feet Ferns fish formation fossil remains Ganoid Gastrula genuine gills hand Helminthes higher Hoofed animals human hypothesis important Infusoria Insects intestine latter layer legion living lower lowest main class main groups Mammals Man-like Apes many-celled Marsupials Metazoa Molluscs Monera monophyletic Mosses namely nephridia one-celled ontogeny origin peculiar pedigree petrifactions phylogenetic phylogeny Placental animals Placentalia Plate Platodes polyphyletic possess present primaeval primary group probably Protista races Radiolaria regarded Reptiles Sea-stars Semi-apes shell Silurian simple single skeleton skull Skull-less species Sponges Star-fishes strata structure sub-class teeth Thallus Theory of Descent Tracheata Trias tribe vegetable kingdom Vertebrata Vertebrate animals whole worms zoologists
Page 367 - Thus, whatever system of organs be studied, the comparison of their modifications in the ape series leads to one and the same result — that the structural differences which separate Man from the Gorilla and the Chimpanzee are not so great as those which separate the Gorilla from the lower apes.
Page 36 - I look at the natural geological record, as a history of the world imperfectly kept, and written in a changing dialect ; of this history we possess the last volume alone, relating only to two or three countries. Of this volume, only here and there a short chapter has been preserved ; and of each page, only here and there a few lines.
Page 362 - E find it hard to picture to ourselves the state of mind of a man of older days who firmly believed that the Earth was the centre of the Universe, and that all the heavenly bodies revolved round it. He...
Page 476 - We should, on account of the grand proofs just enumerated, have to adopt Lamarck's Theory of Descent for the explanation of biological phenomena, even if we did not possess Darwin's Theory of Selection. The one is so completely and directly proved by the other, and established by mechanical causes, that there remains nothing to be desired. The laws of Inheritance and Adaptation are universally acknowledged physiological facts, the former traceable to propagation, the latter to the nutrition of organisms.
Page vi - An active Principle : — howe'er removed From sense and observation, it subsists In all things, in all natures ; in the stars Of azure heaven, the unenduring clouds, In flower and tree, in every pebbly stone That paves the brooks, the stationary rocks, The moving waters, and the invisible air.
Page 41 - I believe that animals have descended from at most only four or five progenitors, and plants from an equal or lesser number.
Page 493 - But even Professor Haeckel thinks it well to guard against sending away his audience in an uncomfortable, dispirited state of mind, as might happen with such of them at least as were brought up . in old notions. He tells them that ' the Theory of Descent as applied to man opens up the most encouraging prospects for the future, and frees us from all those anxious fears which have been the scarecrows of our opponents.
Page 436 - ... men, or ape-like men. The form of their skull was probably very long, with slanting teeth; their hair woolly; the color of their skin dark, of a brownish tint. The hair covering the whole body was probably thicker than in any of the still living human species; their arms comparatively longer and stronger; their legs, on the other hand, knockkneed, shorter and thinner, with entirely undeveloped calves; their walk but half erect.
Page 431 - ... in certain respects, compete with the Mediterranean. Within the tropical regions, Negroes (Sudanians and Kaffres), Nubians, and Malays are in some measure protected against the encroachments of the Indo-Germanic tribes by their being better adapted for a hot climate; the case of the arctic tribes of the polar regions is similar. But the other races, which as it is are very much diminished in number, will sooner or later completely succumb in the struggle for existence to the superiority of the...
Page 447 - In the same way as the distances between the difierent planetary systems are not calculated by miles but by Sirius-distances, each of which comprises millions of miles, so the organic history of the earth must not be calculated by thousands of years, but by palseontological or geological periods, each of which comprises many thousands of years, and perhaps millions or milliards of thousands of years.