Women, Gender, and Fascism in Europe, 1919-45
Manchester University Press, 2003 - Europe - 275 pages
What attracts women to far-right movements that appear to denigrate their rights? This question has vexed feminist scholars for decades and has led to many lively debates in the academy. In this context, during the 1980s, the study of women, gender, and fascism in twentieth-century Europe took off, pioneered by historians such as Claudia Koonz and Victoria de Grazia. This volumemakes an exciting contribution to the evolving body of work based upon these earlier studies, bringing emerging scholarship on Central and Eastern Europe alongside that of more established Western European historiography on the topic. Women, Gender and Fascism in Europe, 1919-45 features fourteen essays covering Serbia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Romania, Hungary, Latvia, and Poland in addition to Germany, Italy, France, Spain, and Britain, and a conclusion that pulls together a European-wide perspective. As a whole, the volumeprovides a compelling comparative examination of this important topic through current research, literature reviews, and dialogue with existing debates. The essays cast new light on questions such as women's responsibility for the collapse of democracy in interwar Europe, the interaction between thewomen's movement and the extreme right, and the relationships between conceptions of national identity and gender. It will be read by undergraduate students of history, politics, sociology and women's studies, as well as by their teachers, and researchers in the field of the extreme right and women's and gender history.
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Introduction Kevin Passmore
Italy Perry Willson
Germany Kirsten Heinsohn
Romania Maria Bucur
Hungary Maria M Kovdcs
Serbia Croatia and Yugoslavia Carol S Lilly and Melissa Bokovoy
Serbia Carol S Lilly
Croatia Melissa Bokovoy
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activists activities anti-Semitism argued authoritarian became Blackshirt bourgeois British Carlist CEDA Codreanu Croatian Croats Croix de Feu cultural democratic DNVP domestic electoral equality Europe example extreme right Falange Fasci Femminili fascist leagues fascist movements Fascist women Fatherland female feminine feminism feminists Frauen gender roles German historians Hungarian Ibid ideology important inter-war period Iron Guard Italian Italian Fascism Italy Jeunesses Patriotes Kevin Passmore Koonz Latvian Latvian nation leaders Legion Legionary liberal LVVA male masculine mobilisation motherhood mothers mujer nationalist Nazi Nazism participation party peasant Perkonkrusts Poland policies Polish Porunca Vremii position programme propaganda radical regime Republic rhetoric right-wing Romanian Sanacja separate spheres Serbian social socialist society Solidarite Francaise Spain suffrage Thundercross tion traditional Ulmanis Ulmanis's University Press UstaSa volkisch vote Weimar Weimar Republic welfare woman women's associations women's groups women's movement women's organisations women's role women's sections