Antarctic destinies: Scott, Shackleton and the changing face of heroism
This new book looks at the two most famous expeditions of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration, Robert Falcon Scott's Terra Nova expedition of 1910-12 and Ernest Shackleton's Endurance expedition of 1914-16. For decades after his tragic death on the return journey from the South Pole, to which he had been beaten by five weeks by the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, Scott was regarded as a saint-like figure with an unassailable reputation born from his heroic martyrdom in the frozen wastes of the Antarctic. In recent years, however, Scott has attracted some of the most intense criticism any explorer has ever received. Shackleton's reputation, meanwhile, has followed a reverse trajectory. Although his achievements were always appreciated, they were never celebrated with nearly the same degree of adulation that traditionally surrounded Scott.
Today, Scott and Shackleton occupy very different places in the polar pantheon of British heroes. Stephanie Barczewski explores the evolution of their reputations, and finds it has little to do with new discoveries regarding their lives and characters, but far more to do with broader cultural changes and shifts in the perception of heroism in Britain and the United States.
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Scott Shackleton and Antarctic Exploration before
The Discovery Expedition and its Context 19011904
The Nimrod Expedition 19071909
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adventure Amundsen Antarctic Expedition Antarctic exploration Antarctic London Antarctica Apsley Cherry-Garrard Arctic became biography blizzard boat Bowers Britain British Cape Evans Captain Oates Captain Scott century Cherry-Garrard claimed commemoration companions continued Crane Crean cultural David depot diary Discovery expedition dogs Edgar Evans Edward Elephant Island Endurance expedition expedition's February Fiennes film hero heroic heroism honour Hurley Ibid images imperial Irish James Caird John Kathleen Scott land Last Great Quest later leader leadership man-hauling March Markham masculinity memorial miles Museum naval never Nimrod expedition Norwegian Oates's officer photographs polar exploration polar journey polar party ponies Ponting popular Ranulph Fiennes reached the Pole Riffenburgh Robert Falcon Scott Roland Huntford scientific Scoff Scott and Shackleton Scott's death ship sledging snow South Pole status story Teddy Evans tent Terra Nova expedition tragedy University Press Victorian voyage Wilson Worsley Worst Journey wrote York