Austria: Containing a Description of the Manners, Customs, Character and Costumes of the People of that Empire

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C. S. Williams, 1828 - Austria - 96 pages
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Page 57 - Their appearance bespeaks no fostering care from the superior — no independent respect, yielded with free satisfaction, from the inferior. It is easy to perceive that all stimulus to invention, all incitement to extraordinary exertion, is wanting. No one peasant has proceeded in the arts of life and civilization a step farther than his neighbour. When you have seen one, you have seen all. From the same little hat covered with oil falls the same matted long black hair, negligently plaited or tied...
Page 101 - Polish florins, or two pounds sixteen shillings sterling. If, on the other hand, a man of ignoble birth dared to raise his hand against a nobleman, death was the inevitable punishment. If any one presumed to question the nobility of a magnate, he was forced to prove his assertion or suffer death ; nay, if a powerful man chose to take a fancy to the field of his humbler neighbour, and to erect a land-mark upon it, and if that land-mark remained for three days, the poor man lost his possession.
Page 46 - Welcome, my friend," says the head of the family; " what brings thee among us ?" He replies, " As thou art a father, let me put a question to thy daughter." He then steps up to the maiden, kisses her forehead, and says : " God bless thee, lovely girl, who remindest me of the days of my youth. I have a son; he loves thee. Wilt thou make my declining years happy...
Page 57 - ... is wrapped on each a cloak of coarse woollen cloth, or sheep-skin still retaining its wool. Whether it be winter or summer, weekday or Sabbath, the Sclavo.nian of this district never lays aside his cloak, or is seen but in heavy boots. Their instruments of agriculture are throughout the same; and in all their habitations is observed a perfect uniformity of design. A wide muddy road separates two rows of cottages, which constitute a village. From amongst them there is no possibility of selecting...
Page 19 - ... to discover in whose possession it is to be found. Acting riddles is a favourite game, and one which is well calculated to amuse those, who wisely resolve to be amused when they can. A certain portion of the company retire into an adjoining room, where they concert together how best to represent by action the different syllables which compose a word, and then the meaning of the whole word. They presently return, and, carrying on their preconcerted action, require the company to resolve their...
Page 58 - The yards or folds between the houses are usually much neglected, and are the dirty receptacles of a thousand uncleanly objects. Light carts and ploughs, with which the owner performs his stated labour, — his meagre cattle, — a loose rudely formed heap of hay, — and half a dozen ragged children, — stand there in mixed confusion; over which three or four noble dogs, of a peculiar breed, resembling in some degree the Newfoundland dog, keep faithful watch.
Page 20 - Some of the actors coming from their retirement, began to squeeze a lemon into a glass, calling the attention of the company very particularly to it by their action, thus representing Ju. Others came forwards imitating the various maladies and misfortunes of life, thus acting the syllable meaiuc.
Page 60 - Spanish in particular, i$ become so general, that a flock of the native race is seldom to be met with, excepting on the estates of the clergy. The wool is now an important object of commerce.
Page 51 - Maria Theresa put the whole under certain regulations, which left less arbitrary power in the hands of the lord. She fixed the quantity of land upon each estate which was to remain irrevocably in the possession of the peasantry, giving to each peasant his portion called a session, and denning the services which he should in return perform for his lord.
Page 102 - ... where no man is assured of the legitimacy of his offspring, a total indifference prevails as to the training of the doubtful brood. They are therefore neglected from their cradles, and left to the indulgence of every passion, undisciplined, untutored and uncontrolled.

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