Gamma-Ray Bursts: 30 Years of Discovery: Gamma-Ray Burst Symposium
E.E. Fenimore, M. Galasso
American Inst. of Physics, Oct 21, 2004 - Science - 783 pages
In the last thirty years, gamma-ray bursts have grown from an oddity to a central position in astrophysics. Not only are they the largest explosions since the big bang, capable of flooding most of the universe with gamma-rays, but their brilliance serves as a backlight that can illuminate the cosmos far deeper into the early universe than any other object. Their unpredictability has forced researchers to use extreme measures to observe them: completely autonomous satellites and robotic ground-based telescopes. Their bizarre physical properties have pushed us to develop new theories of astrophysical explosions. Topics include: global properties of GRBs; X-ray flashes; ultra-high energy gamma-rays, neutrinos, gravity waves; prompt emission and early afterglows; relativistic jets and polarization; GRB030329; GRB progenitors; GRB connection to supernovae; dark versus bright GRBs; late afterglows; GRBs and cosmology; general observations; general theory; analysis and observation techniques; present satellites; Swift satellite; future satellites; and robotic observing systems.
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2004 American Institute acceleration afterglow analysis angle Astronomy Astrophysics background band baryon BATSE BeppoSAX black hole collapsar component correlation cosmological decay density detector Discovery distribution duration E. E. Fenimore edited by E. E. electrons energy range evolution field of view FIGURE fireball fluence flux function Galactic Galassi gamma Gamma-Ray Bursts GRB afterglows HETE high energy host galaxy Institute of Physics instrument jet model light curve Lorentz factor luminosity magnetic field magnitude measured Meszaros MNRAS neutrino neutron star Observatory observed optical afterglow outflow panel parameters peak energy phase photon Phys polarization power-law predicted prompt emission radiation Ray Bursts redshift region reionization relativistic relativistic jet reverse shock RHESSI Ruffini sample satellite sensitivity shows simulations spacecraft spectral spectrum stellar supernova Swift synchrotron telescope trigger University velocity Woosley X-ray X-ray flashes XMM-Newton XRFs y-ray