Lone Star Navy: Texas, the Fight for the Gulf of Mexico, and the Shaping of the American West
**WINNER OF THE 2007 UNITED STATES MARITIME LITERATURE AWARD** In the 1830s, Mexico endured a tragic era of internal political instability. Meanwhile, bold American frontiersmen sought their fortunes beyond the borders of the United States, with many settling in the Mexican territory of Texas. In 1835, these transplanted Americans led a revolt against Texas's embattled rulers in Mexico City. Lone Star Navy chronicles the little fleet of wooden warships, bought on credit by an impoverished band of revolutionaries and sent to sea on a singular mission: to win Texas's independence from Mexico. Beginning with four small sailing vessels, the upstart flotilla became a vital counterpart to Texan armies fighting for an independent republic. Indeed, Capt. Jeremiah Brown's naval battle off Matamoros in April 1836 helped save the fledgling republic from a premature end. But even as it battled for independence on the Gulf of Mexico, the Texas navy came under attack from unexpected enemies. The same fierce individuality that led Texans to shake off their Mexican rulers also stymied their efforts to govern themselves with any consensus. Lauded by its advocates as strategically vital and ridiculed by its detractors as a farcical waste of money, the navy became a flashpoint in a clash of visions. Denied adequate funding, sailors and officers suffered long periods without pay, and their vessels fell into chronic disrepair, but they still defended their small nation's fortunes. The decrepit remains of the battle-scarred fleet finally fell into American hands when Texas, in need of a strong ally, was annexed by the United States in 1845. The Mexican government prophesied that relinquishing Texas would lead to the loss of its other northern territories. And, indeed, the Mexican War and the U.S. acquisition of New Mexico, Arizona, California, and parts of Utah, Colorado, and Nevada soon followed.
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The Troubled Texas Waters
The Influence of Naval Power on the Texas Revolution
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aboard anchor April armed army August Austin blockade Boylan Brazos brig Brutus Bryan Burnet Campeche captured centralist citing commander Commodore Moore Correo crew cruise December deck Dienst collection Diplomatic documented Edwin Ward Moore enemy February Filisola Fisher flagship fleet Galveston Gulf guns Hawkins Hinton Hockley Houston Invincible James Morgan January Jeremiah Brown John Grant Tod Journal July June letter Lieutenant Lothrop March marines Matagorda Matamoros McKinney Mexican Navy Mexico Midshipman Moctezuma Moore's naval November October officers orders Orleans port Post Captain President Houston Republic of Texas rigging Rosenberg JGT Rosenberg TNC ROT Claims sailed sailors Samuel May Williams San Antonio San Bernard San Felipe San Jacinto Santa Anna schooner Secretary Senate sent September ship sloop squadron steamer Telegraph Tennison Texas Congress Texas Navy Texas Navy's Texas's Texians Thompson TSLA U.S. Navy Velasco Veracruz vessels warships Wharton Wheelwright William Yucatan Zavala