This book, first published in 1991, is a general history of Roman painting written specifically for English-language readers. Large numbers of wall-paintings have survived from the Roman world, and particularly from Rome itself and from the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae, buried in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. Their influence upon European artists of the Renaissance and Neo-Classical periods has been considerable. Recent research has provided a much clearer idea of the chronology of these paintings, of their sources of inspiration, and of their meaning to the various classes of patrons who commissioned them. All aspects of our knowledge are brought together in this survey. Among other topics the book discusses the so-called Four Pompeian Styles, their spread to the provinces, the broad developments in scheme, style and subject-matter which followed them, the factors which dictated the choice of particular subjects and the way in which they were represented, and what we know about the painters and the organisation of their workshops.
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The First Style
The Second Style
The Third Style
The Fourth Style
Mythological and historical paintings
The Pompeian Styles in the provinces
The Middle Empire
Painters and patrons
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1st century A.D. appear Archaeological Museum architectural artists atrium background bedroom birds blue Boscoreale Boscotrecase candelabra ceiling ceiling-decoration central picture centralised centre century A.D. Naples coffering colour columns composition containing Cryptoportico Cupids dado detail Dionysus Dioscuri east wall effect elements entablature evidence example Farnesina villa fields figure-paintings figures floral foreground Fourth Style frames frieze garden garlands Golden House Greek Hellenistic Herculaneum House of Livia illusionistic imitation Italy landscape Lucretius main zone marble masks Masonry Style Menander ment mosaic motifs murals mythological Naples north wall Odysseus oeci oecus Oplontis ornamental orthostates painters Palatine panels patterns pavements pavilion period peristyle perspectival perspective PIiny plaster Pompeian Pompeii predella purple quarter of 1st Roman painting Rome scenes schemes screen-wall Second Style similar Stabiae stucco stucco relief stuccowork surface surviving tablinum Third quarter tion tomb triclinium upper zone vault vault-decoration Vettii Vitruvius wall-decoration white ground yellow