Ancient Records of Egypt: The first through the seventeenth dynasties

Front Cover
James Henry Breasted
University of Illinois Press, 2001 - History - 400 pages
Around the turn of the last century, James Henry Breasted took on the challenge of assembling all the available historical documents of ancient Egypt and translating them into English. This prodigious undertaking involved traveling to the monuments extant in the Nile valley and in outlying areas of Egyptian conquest, as well as to museums throughout Europe where Egyptian relics were housed. Breasted made his own copies of hundreds of Egyptian records inscribed on papyrus or leather or carved in stone and engaged in a thorough study of the published records of Egyptian history in conjunction with his own transcription of the documents themselves. This five-volume compendium is the result.

Breasted's monumental work, originally published from 1906 to 1907, encompasses twenty-six dynasties spanning more than three millennia: from ca. 3050 B.C. to 525 B.C. For each document, Breasted provides information on location, condition, historical significance, and content. Beginning with the earliest known official annals of Egypt, the Palermo Stone, Breasted catalogs the realm's official activities, including royal succession, temple construction, property distribution, and foreign conquest. He tracks the careers of scores of kings, queens, government officials, military leaders, powerful statesmen, and influential courtiers, reproducing their autobiographies, letters of favor, paeans, mortuary gifts, and tomb inscriptions. Clearly annotated for the lay reader, the documents provide copious evidence of trade relations, construction activities, diplomatic envoys, foreign expeditions, and other aspects of a vigorous, highly organized, and centrally controlled society.

Breasted's commentary is both rigorously documented and accessible, suffused with a contagious fascination for the events, the personalities, the cultural practices, and the sophistication these records indicate. A herculean assemblage of primary documents, many of which have deteriorated to illegibility in the intervening century, Ancient Records of Egypt illuminates both the incredible complexity of Egyptian society and the almost insuperable difficulties of reconstructing a lost civilization.

This first paperback edition of Ancient Records of Egypt features a new introduction and supplementary bibliographies by Peter A. Piccione. Setting Breasted's work in the context of the development of American Egyptology, Piccione discusses Breasted's establishment of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, with corporate support by John D. Rockefeller and other benefactors, and surveys the ambitious body of publications with which Breasted laid the foundation for future Egyptian studies.

 

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Contents

Reign of Tutenkhamon I0191041
3
CHRONOLOGY 3857
38
Reign of Thutmose I 54114
54
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 5875
58
Reign of Ramses I 7479
87
Vessels to Amon 104108
104
Reign of Thutmose II 115127
115
Campaign in Syria
125
Coronation before the Court 232239
232
Reign of Ramses VII 484485
236
Second Purification 240241
240
Concluding Ceremonies
242
Southern Pylon Inscription at Karnak 243245
243
Reign of Seti I 80250
250
First Dynasty 91116
274
THE SIXTH DYNASTY 282390
282

The Ebony Shrine of Der elBahri 126127
126
Reign of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut 128390
128
Inscription of the Coronation Buildings and Offerings 131166
131
THE FIRST TO THE FIFTH DYNASTIES 76167
167
Renewal of Sesostris IIIs List of Offerings 168172
168
Dedication to Dedun and Sesostris III 173176
173
Biography of Nebwawi
177
The Statue Inscription 178183
178
Abydos Stela 184186
184
The Birth of Queen Hatshepsut 187191
187
The Council of the Gods
192
Interviews Between Amon and Thoth 193194
193
Amon with Queen Ahmose 195198
195
Interview Between Amon and Khnum 199201
199
Khnum Fashions the Child 202203
202
Interview Between Thoth and Queen Ahmose
204
Queen Ahmose is Led to Confinement
205
The Birth 206207
206
Presentation of the Child to Amon
208
Council of Amon and Hathor
209
The Nursing of the Child
210
Second Interview of Amon and Thoth
211
The Final Scene
212
Statue of Enebni
213
Vase Inscription
214
The Coronation of Queen Hatshepsut
215
The Purification
216
Amon presents the Child to All the Gods 217220
217
The Northern Journey 221225
221
Seti Is Temple at Abydos and Great Abydos
222
Coronation by Atum 226227
226
Reception of the Crowns and the Names 228230
228
Reign of Ramses II 251568
230
His Mortuary Priesthood 231235
231
Reign of Pepi I 295315
295
The Asiatic War 294391
296
Formal Announcement of the Success of
299
Reign of Amenemhet II 594613
308
Reign of Mernere 316336
316
Reliefs of Transportation of Obelisks
322
Reign of Amenhotep II 780
334
FROM THE THIRTEENTH DYNASTY TO THE HYKSOS 751787
339
Biography of AhmosePenNekhbet
344
Reign of Osorkon I 729737
362
Treaty with the Hittites 367391
367
Inscription of Thutiy 369378
369
THE ELEVENTH DYNASTY 415459
374
Reign of Merneptah 569638
377
Reign of Pemou 778781
390
THE NINTH AND TENTH DYNASTIES 391414
391
Relations of Egypt with the Hittites after the War 392491
394
Reign of Khenzer 781787
403
Message of the Chief of Kheta to the Chief
425
THE TWENTYFOURTH DYNASTY 884
447
Fifth Dynasty 153167
451
Fifth Campaign Year 29 454462
454
THE THIRD DYNASTY 168175
458
THE TWELFTH DYNASTY 460750
460
Reign of Amenhotep III 841931
464
Reign of Snefru 168175
467
Reign of Psamtik I 935973
477
Assuan Stela 478479
478
Tanis Stelæ 487491
487
Reign of Userkaf 213235
497
Temple of Soleb 11 2326 890
500
Reign of Siptah 639650
509
THE EIGHTEENTH DYNASTY I1043
514
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About the author (2001)

James Henry Breasted (1865-1935), the first American scholar to hold a professorship in Egyptology, was the author of The Battle of Kadesh, A History of Egypt, Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Times: A History of the Early World, and The Conquest of Civilization.Peter A. Piccione is an Egyptologist and professor of comparative ancient history at the University of Charleston, South Carolina, and director of the University of Charleston Serapis Research Institute Theban Tombs Publication Project.

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