Tibet and the British Raj: The Frontier Cadre, 1904-1947

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Psychology Press, 1997 - Social Science - 293 pages
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Despite the popular image of Tibet as a remote and inaccessible land to which few Europeans ventured, more than one hundred British-Indian officials lived and worked there during the years 1904-1947.
Following Colonel Younghusband's 1903-1904 mission to Lhasa, these officers and their supporting staff were posted in central and southern Tibet, and, after 1936-1937, at the British Mission Lhasa. Among those who rose to the senior positions there were such famous frontiersmen as Colonel F.M. Bailey, Sir Charles Bell, and Hugh Richardson.
This ground-breaking work draws on previously unpublished sources, both oral and written, to examine the character, role, and influence of these officers. It concentrates on those who formed a small, distinct, group of Tibetan specialists: 'the Tibet cadre'. These men were diplomatic representatives of the Raj, but they were also scholars, spies, and empire-builders, who not only influenced events in Tibet but also shaped our modern understanding of that land. This will be the definitive source for students of Anglo-Tibetan relations.
 

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Contents

To avoid incurring the hostility of the Chinese
1
One distinct forward move
143
Edge of Empire
158
Keeping the Tibetans happy
166
Theyve all got something special about them
183
We want a united Tibet
195
Nothing left to which objection could be taken
212
Today we are no longer masters of the Residency
218
The Tibet Cadre biographical details
225
Notes
238
Bibliography
269
Index
283
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