Peasants and Protest: Agricultural Workers, Politics, and Unions in the Aude, 1850-1914
In the first decade of the twentieth century, the sleepy vineyard towns of the Aude department of southern France exploded with strikes and protests. Agricultural workers joined labor unions, the Socialist party established a base among peasant vinegrowers, and the largest peasant uprising of twentieth-century France, the great vinegrowers' revolt of 1907, shook the entire south with massive demonstrations. In this study, Laura Levine Frader explains how left-wing politics and labor radicalism in the Aude emerged from the economic and social transformation of rural society between 1850 and 1914. She describes the formation of an agricultural wage-earning class, and discusses how socialism and a revolutionary syndicalist labor movement together forged working-class identity.
Frader's focus on the making of the rural proletariat takes the study of class formation out of the towns and cities and into the countryside. Frader emphasizes the complexity of social structure and political life in the Aude, describing the interaction of productive relations, the gender division of labor, community solidarities, and class alliances. Her analysis raises questions about the applicability of an urban, industrial model of class formation to rural society. This study will be of interest to French social historians, agricultural historians, and those interested in the relationship between capitalism, class formation, and labor militancy.
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PEASANTS WORKERS AND THE AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION IN THE AUDE
PROTOURBANIZATION OF THE COUNTRYSIDE CULTURE AND POLITICS IN THE GOLDEN AGE OF THE VINE
ECONOMIC CRISIS AND CLASS FORMATION
GENDER WORK AND THE HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY OF VINEYARD WORKERS
RADICALS AND SOCIALISTS IN THE VINEYARDS
REVOLUTIONARY SYNDICALISM AND DIRECT ACTION
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activity AD Aude agricoles agricultural workers artisans Aude Audois became capitalism Carcassonne century changed Congrès continued Coursan crises culture decline demands demonstrations depression division early economy elections employers Etats fact Ferroul force forms France French FTAM Grèves groups harvest hectares helped important Imprimerie included income increased industrial interests June l'Aude labor labor movement land landowners Languedoc leaders less living lower March meetings Midi Montpellier movement Narbonnais Narbonne nationale nineteenth organization ouvriers Paris party peasants Pech percent period political population prefect Press production proprietors radical regional relations Report Republic republican revolutionary rural Second skilled social socialist societies southern Statistique strike syndicalist Table tion took towns travail travailleurs unions University urban village vinedressers vines vineyard owners vineyard workers viticole viticulture votes wages wine winegrowers women working-class
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Cultivating Dissent: Work, Identity, and Praxis in Rural Languedoc
Limited preview - 1999