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admission adopted by Congress alter anti-slavery approved by President April April 23 articles of compact Articles of Confederation Carolina chairman citizens colonies committee concurred Congress passed convention crimes whereof deed of cession duly convicted EDWARD COLES election emigrants existence of slavery fact favor Federal Debt forever remain French negroes fugitive slaves Governor gress HISTORICAL SOCIETY House Howell Illinois indenture Indiana Indiana Territory influence inhabitants involuntary servitude Jefferson June 9 labor or service land lawfully claimed laws Legislature Mississippi River Monroe nance prohibiting slavery nays being required Northwest Territory Northwestern Territory Ohio River Old Congress opinion Ordi Ordinance of 1787 original person prohibitory clause provision punishment of crimes question repeal republican river Ohio sanction seat in Congress settlers slaveholding slavery nor involuntary SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA South Carolina South Carolina—Mr temporary Government terri Territorial Government tion Union United vided vote Western Territory whereof the party Yates yeas and nays
Page 13 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted : Provided always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed, and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Page 21 - That the committee deem it highly dangerous and inexpedient to impair a provision wisely calculated to promote the happiness and prosperity of the northwestern country, and to give strength and security to that extensive frontier. In the salutary operation of this sagacious and benevolent restraint it is believed that the inhabitants of Indiana will, at no distant day, find ample remuneration for a temporary privation of labor and of emigration.
Page 20 - The rapid population of the State of Ohio sufficiently evinces, in the opinion of your Committee, that the labor of slaves is not necessary to promote the growth and settlement of colonies in that region.
Page 8 - That in their persons, property and territory they shall be subject to the government of the United States in Congress assembled, and to the Articles of Confederation in all those cases in which the original States shall be so subject.
Page 8 - The inhabitants and settlers in the said territory, shall be subject to pay a part of the federal debts contracted, or to be contracted, and a proportional part of the expenses of government, to be apportioned on them, by Congress, according to the same common rule and measure by which apportionments thereof shall be made on the other states...
Page 30 - That in all that Territory ceded by France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of Thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the limits of the state contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted, shall be and is hereby forever prohibited.
Page 14 - State, to meet together, for the purpose of establishing a temporary government, to adopt the constitution and laws of any one of the original States...
Page 13 - The navigable waters leading into the Mississippi and St Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways and forever free, as well to the inhabitants of the said Territory as to the citizens of the United States and those of any other States that may be admitted into the Confederacy, without any tax, impost, or duty therefor.